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Cohen [née Waley], Julia Matilda (1853–1917), community worker and educationist, was born on 6 September 1853 at 20 Wimpole Street, Marylebone, Middlesex, the daughter of Professor Jacob Waley (1818–1873), conveyancing counsel to the court of chancery and the first holder of the chair of political economy at ...

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Collet, Clara Elizabeth (1860–1948), civil servant and promoter of women's education and employment, was born at Sunny Bank, Hornsey Lane, Islington, London, on 10 September 1860, the second daughter and fourth child of Collet Dobson Collet (1812–1898), a prominent champion of press freedom and editor of ...

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Louise Hume Creighton (1850–1936) by Glyn Philpot, 1918 © Estate of Glyn Philpot

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Creighton [née von Glehn], Louise Hume (1850–1936), social activist and writer of popular history and biography, was born on 7 July 1850 at Peak Hill Lodge, Sydenham, on the outskirts of London, tenth child of Robert William von Glehn (1801–1885) and Agnes Duncan (...

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Dorkenoo [née Yorke], Stella Elliott [Efua] (1949–2014), health and women’s rights campaigner, was born on 6 September 1949 in Cape Coast, Ghana, one of eleven children of John Elliott Yorke, hospital administrator and later school nurse, and his wife, ...

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Feilding, Lady Mary (1823–1896), founder of the Working Ladies' Guild, was the eldest daughter of William Basil Percy Feilding, seventh earl of Denbigh (1796–1865), and of Mary Elizabeth Kitty, eldest daughter of Thomas Reynolds Moreton, first earl of Ducie. Her mother died in 1842, when ...

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See Forster, William

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Gray, Sylvia Mary (1909–1991), businesswoman and women's institute leader, was born on 3 July 1909 at 44 Clifton Road, Rugby, Warwickshire, the daughter of Henry Bunting Gray, a racquet maker, members of whose family had been rackets coaches at Rugby School since 1867, and his wife, ...

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Grenfell (née Lyttelton), Hilda Margaret (1886–1972), promoter of women’s welfare, was born in Bombay on 13 January 1886, the middle daughter of Sir Neville Gerald Lyttelton (1845–1931), who was then military secretary to the governor of Bombay, and his second wife, ...

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Heale, William (1581/2–1628), Church of England clergyman and writer on women, was a native of South Heal, Devon. Admitted as a commoner aged eighteen to Exeter College, Oxford, on 14 March 1600, he graduated BA from Broadgates Hall on 13 December 1603, proceeding MA on 3 July 1606. He was admitted to ...

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Houghton [née Travis], Vera, Lady Houghton of Sowerby (1914–2013), abortion law reformer and family planning advocate, was born on 18 October 1914 at 17 Abbotts Road, Norwood, London, the elder child of John Travis, from Crewe, Staffordshire, then a clerk at a margarine factory, later manager of a creamery, and his wife, ...

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Howard [née Bollin; other married names Alpenny, Blanchard], Caroline Cadette (1821–1907), businesswoman and promoter of emigration and employment for women, was born on 3 August 1821, in Richmond, Surrey, the daughter of Charles Bollin, a plumber, and his wife, Ann. Her father, declared bankrupt in 1833, had probably died by 1841, when her mother was recorded as running a lodging house in ...

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Janes, Emily (1846–1928), women's welfare activist, was born on 14 February 1846 at Tring, Hertfordshire, the eldest daughter of George Janes and Martha Stevens, the daughter of William Stevens of Cheddington, Buckinghamshire. She was educated at a private school at Chesham, Buckinghamshire, and began philanthropic work in ...

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Jayne, Ethel Clara Basil (1874–1940), laundry owner and women’s welfare organizer, was born at Pantybailea House, Church Road, Llanelly, Breconshire, on 4 January 1874, the daughter of Basil Jayne (1846–1891) and his wife, Julia Clara, née Thompson (1849–1906). Her father was proprietor of ...

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Joyce [née Rice], Ellen (1832–1924), organizer of women's emigration, was born on 12 January 1832, the first of two children of Francis William Rice (1804–1878) and his wife, Harriet Ives (d. 1854), daughter of Daniel Raymond Barker. Ellen's father was vicar of ...

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Mary Jane Kinnaird, Lady Kinnaird (1816–1888) by Byrne & Co. The Women's Library, London Metropolitan University

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Kinnaird [née Hoare], Mary Jane, Lady Kinnaird (1816–1888), philanthropist and a founder of the Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), was born on 14 March 1816 at Blatherwick Park, Northamptonshire, the youngest of the six children of William Henry Hoare (1776–1819), of Broomfield House, Battersea, Surrey...

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Alicia Ellen Neve Little (1845–1926) by Tze-Yung-Ming & Co., 1894 [with her husband, Archibald John Little] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Little [née Bewicke], Alicia Ellen Neve [known as Mrs Archibald Little] (1845–1926), author and campaigner against foot-binding, was born in Madeira, the youngest of the three daughters and three sons of Calverley Bewicke (1816–1864), a landowner, of Hallaton Hall, Leicestershire, and his wife, ...

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Lovelock [née Northover Smith], Irene May (1896–1974), founder of the British Housewives' League, was born on 26 May 1896 at Wood Green, London, the elder daughter of William Northover Smith (1864–1953), ironmonger, and his wife, Florence Minnie Heath (1869–1943). She was educated at schools in ...