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Abadam, Alice (1856–1940), suffrage activist and women’s right’s campaigner, was born in St John’s Wood, London, on 2 January 1856 (census returns 1891, 1939 Register). Her birth was not registered and she was not baptised. She was the youngest of seven children (four daughters and two sons) of ...

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Joan Bull (supp. fl. 1928–1946) by David Low, 1928 Evening Standard; collection University of Kent at Canterbury

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Bull, Joan (supp. fl. 1928–1946), fictitious epitomist of enfranchised women, the analogue of John Bull, was created by the cartoonist David Low (1891–1963) to symbolize the women aged between twenty-one and thirty who obtained the vote in 1928 despite opposition from the '...

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Cook [née Graves], Cecily Mary (1889/90–1962), trade unionist and suffrage campaigner, daughter of Alfred Graves, was probably born in London, but little else is known about her early life. She married Herbert G. N. Cook, a secretary, on 6 November 1909. The couple's only child, a son, died at about the age of nineteen. Following ...

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(Sarah) Emily Davies (1830–1921) by Rudolph Lehmann, 1880 The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

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Davies, (Sarah) Emily (1830–1921), suffragist and promoter of higher education for women, was born on 22 April 1830 in Southampton, the fourth child and second daughter of John Davies DD (1795–1861) and his wife, Mary Hopkinson (d. 1886), the daughter of a businessman from ...

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Duval [née Dugdale], Una Harriet Ella Stratford (1879–1975), suffragette and marriage reformer, was born on 28 January 1879 at Slanmore, Beulah Hill, Upper Norwood, Surrey, the elder daughter and one of five children of Commander Edward Stratford Dugdale, a naval officer, and his wife, ...

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Knightley [née Bowater], Louisa Mary, Lady Knightley (1842–1913), churchwoman and women's activist, was born on 25 April 1842 at 37 Lower Grosvenor Street, London, the only child of Major-General Sir Edward Bowater (1787–1861) and his wife, Emilia Mary, daughter of Colonel Michael Barne...

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Dame Louisa Innes Lumsden (1840–1935) by Olive Edis, c. 1925 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lumsden, Dame Louisa Innes (1840–1935), promoter of women's education, headmistress, and suffragist, was born on 31 December 1840 in Aberdeen. She was the seventh and youngest child of Clements Lumsden (d. 1853), advocate and writer to the signet, and his wife, Jane (...

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Macdonald, Agnes Syme (1882–1966), suffragette and campaigner for women's citizenship, was born on 8 September 1882 at 23 Dublin Street, Edinburgh, the fifth child and only daughter of the six children of Alexander Macdonald and his wife, Euphemia Henderson. Alexander Macdonald, from Kiltarlity, Inverness...

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Melville, Frances Helen (1873–1962), promoter of higher education for women in Scotland and suffragist, was born at 4 Abbotsford Park, Merchiston, Edinburgh, on 11 October 1873, elder daughter of Francis Suther Melville (1815–1895), depute clerk of the Court of Session, and his second wife, ...

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Phillips, Mary Elizabeth (1880–1969), suffragette and feminist, was born on 15 July 1880 in St Mary Bourne, Hampshire, the daughter of William Fleming Phillips, a doctor who worked in Glasgow and encouraged her to join the suffrage campaign, and his wife, Louisa Elizabeth, ...

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Porter, Muriel Lilah Matters- [née Muriel Lilah Matters] (1877–1969), suffragist and feminist, was born on 12 November 1877 in Adelaide, South Australia, the daughter of John Leonard Matters, a cabinet-maker, and his wife, Emma Alma Harburton. Educated at Adelaide high school, she ascribed an early interest in women's suffrage later in life to reading ...

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Simson, Frances Helen (1854–1938), promoter of women's higher education and suffragist, was born at 13 Bruntsfield Place, Edinburgh, on 2 April 1854, the daughter of William Simson (1811–1858), secretary of the Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Jane Christiana Aberdein (b. 1820)...

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Emily Sturge (1847–1892) by unknown photographer The Women's Library, London Metropolitan University

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Sturge, Emily (1847–1892), campaigner for women's education and suffrage, was born on 20 April 1847 at Highbury Villa, Cotham New Road, Cotham, Bristol, the eldest of the eleven children of William Sturge (1820–1905) and his wife, Charlotte Allen Sturge (1817–1891). Four of her sisters were also involved to a greater and lesser extent in the movement for women's education. The ...

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Willard, Frances Elizabeth (1839–1898), social activist and suffragist, was born on 28 September 1839 in Churchville, New York, the fourth of five children (only three of whom survived infancy) of Mary Thompson Hill (1805–1892), a teacher, and Josiah Flint Willard (1805–1868), a gentleman farmer and businessman. ...

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Victoria Claflin Woodhull (1838–1927) by unknown photographer, 1890s Rex Features

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Woodhull, Victoria Claflin [other married name Victoria Woodhull Martin] (1838–1927), women's rights campaigner and first female presidential candidate in the United States of America, was born Victoria California Allen Claflin on 23 September 1838 in the town of Homer, Licking county, Ohio...