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Barclay, Sir Peter Maurice (1926–2014), solicitor and social reformer, was born on 6 March 1926 at 2 Walerand Road, Lewisham, London, the only child of George Ronald Barclay (1894–1974), chartered secretary and businessman, and his wife, Josephine Maria Stephanie, née Lambert...

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Cadbury, Edward (1873–1948), confectionery manufacturer and industrial and social reformer, was born at 32 George Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 20 March 1873, the eldest son of George Cadbury (1839–1922), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his first wife, Mary, née Tylor (1849–1887). He was educated at the ...

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George Cadbury (1839–1922) by Francis Dodd, c. 1920–22 by kind permission of Cadbury Trebor Bassett

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Cadbury, George (1839–1922), confectionery manufacturer and social reformer, was born at Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 19 September 1839, the third son and fourth child of John Cadbury (1801–1889), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his wife, Candia (1805–1855), daughter of George Barrow, merchant and shipowner, of ...

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Dame Geraldine Southall Cadbury (1865–1941) by Thomas Bowman Garvie, 1912 © Birmingham Museums Trust

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Cadbury, Dame Geraldine Southall (1865–1941), social and penal reformer, was born Geraldine Southall at 5 Highfield Road, Edgbaston, on 29 June 1865, the daughter of Alfred Southall (1838–1931), chemist, and his wife, Anna Strangman, née Grubb (1841–1912). She inherited a propensity for social activism from her Quaker parents; her father was a temperance worker who taught a working men's adult school class, while her Irish mother was a supporter of women's suffrage. She was educated at ...

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Dyer, Alfred Stace (1849–1926), moral reformer, was born Alfred Dyer at Kingsthorpe, Northampton, on 14 August 1849, the son of John Dyer, gardener, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Jones. His mother was widowed early in his childhood, and he left school at twelve to begin work in a printing firm. Brought up a Congregationalist, he became a committed evangelical Quaker in his early twenties. By 1871 he was employed as a lecturer for a peace organization, the ...

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Fry, Joan Mary (1862–1955), relief worker and social reformer, was born on 27 July 1862 at West Hill, Highgate, Middlesex, the second daughter of the seven daughters and two sons of the judge Sir Edward Fry (1827–1918) and his wife, Mariabella Hodgkin (1833–1930)...

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Grubb, Edward (1854–1939), pacifist and social reformer, was born on 19 October 1854 at Sudbury, Suffolk, the fourth of five children of Jonathan Grubb (1808–1894), banker and Quaker minister, and his second wife, Elizabeth Burlingham (1813–1893). The father was of Irish descent but lived his adult life in ...

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Haughton, James (1795–1873), social reformer and temperance activist, son of Samuel Pearson Haughton (1748–1828) and Mary, daughter of James Pim of Rushin, Queen's county, Ireland, was born in Carlow on 5 May 1795. He was educated at Ballitore, co. Kildare, from 1807 to 1810, under ...

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Higgs [née Kingsland], Mary Ann (1854–1937), social reformer, was born on 2 February 1854 in Devizes, Wiltshire, the eldest of three children of William Kingsland (1826–1876), a Congregational minister, and his wife, Caroline Paddon (1818–1888?). In 1862 the family moved north on ...

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Thomas Hodgkin (1798–1866) by unknown photographer © reserved

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Hodgkin, Thomas (1798–1866), physician and social reformer, was born on 17 August 1798 in Pentonville, London, the third of the four sons (two died young) of John Hodgkin (1766–1845), calligrapher and teacher, and his wife, Elizabeth (1768–1833), daughter of Richard Peters Rickman and his wife, ...

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McLaren [née Müller], Eva Maria (1852/3–1921), social reformer and political activist, was the younger daughter of William Müller, a wealthy German businessman, and an English mother, Maria Henrietta. She spent her early life in Valparaíso, Chile, and was educated by a governess and at school in ...

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Priestman, Anna Maria (1828–1914), social reformer and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 23 March 1828, the seventh of the nine children of Jonathan Priestman (d. 1863), a prosperous Quaker tanner of Newcastle, and Rachel Bragg (1791–1854), a travelling minister in the ...

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Rowntree, Joshua (1844–1915), social reformer, was born on 6 April 1844 at Princess Street, Scarborough, the fourth of the five children of John Rowntree (1788–1845), grocer, and his wife, Jane, née Priestman (1807–1880). In 1860, on leaving Bootham School, York, he was articled to a solicitor in that city, subsequently practising from 1866 to 1886 in ...

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Tanner [née Priestman], Margaret (1817–1905), social reformer, was born on 25 October 1817 at Summerhill, Newcastle upon Tyne, the second of the nine children of Jonathan Priestman (1787–1863), a tanner, and Rachel Priestman, née Bragg (1791–1854). Two of the children died in infancy and a third in her late teens. Both her parents were Quakers, and their meeting had recorded its unity with their vocal ministry. They were active in the anti-slavery movement and early became total abstainers....

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Waddilove, Lewis Edgar (1914–2000), social reformer, was born on 5 September 1914 at 67 Wellington Avenue, Southend-on-Sea, the son of Alfred Waddilove, railway clerk, and his wife, Edith Emily, née Javens. He was born into a strong Quaker tradition and was educated at ...