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Baines [née Hunt], Sarah Jane [Jennie] (1866–1951), suffragette and social reformer, was born on 30 November 1866 in Birmingham, the daughter of James Edward Hunt, gun maker, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Hunt. She started work in a Birmingham small arms factory aged eleven and at fourteen was assisting her parents in ...

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Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate son of the rich nobleman Ivan Alekseyevich Yakovlev (1767–1846) and his young German consort, ...

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Alison Roberta Noble Neilans (1884–1942) by unknown photographer, 1908 Mary Evans/The Women's Library

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Neilans, Alison Roberta Noble (1884–1942), suffragist and social reformer, was born at Ellesmere, Friern Road, East Dulwich, Surrey, on 19 June 1884, the only daughter of Robert Neilans (1843–c.1896), a commercial traveller, and his wife, Alison Ferguson, née Noble (b...

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Catherine Courtauld Osler (1854–1924) by Edward Steel Harper II, 1917-18 © Birmingham Museums Trust

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Osler [née Taylor], Catherine Courtauld (1854–1924), social reformer and suffragist, was born at King's Square, Bridgwater, Somerset, on 26 February 1854, the eldest of the four children of William Taylor (1826–1903), a merchant, and his wife, Caroline Watson, née Shute (1821–1898). The ...

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Roy, Lolita [known as Mrs P. L. Roy] (b. 1865), social reformer and suffragist, was born in 1865 in Calcutta, India. In about 1886, she married Piera Lal Roy, a barrister and director of public prosecutions in Calcutta. Little is known about her life before marriage, but her husband came from a Hindu landed family in ...

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Badruddin Tyabji (1844–1906) by unknown photographer, 1891 © reserved

Article

F. H. Brown

revised by Jim Masselos

Tyabji, Badruddin (1844–1906), judge and reformer in India, was born at Bombay on 10 October 1844, the eighth of ten children and the fifth of six sons of a Cambay merchant, Tyab Ali (also known as Tyabji Bhai Mian; 1803–1863), and his wife, ...