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Nicholas Bronson Albery (1948–2001) by David Cohen, 2000 © David Cohen

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Albery, Nicholas Bronson (1948–2001), social activist and charity founder, was born on 28 July 1948 at Bricket House, Bricket Road, St Albans, Hertfordshire, the second of three children of Sir Donald Arthur Rolleston Albery (1914–1988), theatre owner and theatrical manager, and his second wife, ...

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William Pulteney Alison (1790–1859) by John Henry Robinson, pubd 1849 (after George Richmond, 1847) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

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Armstrong [née Cobbe], Lucie (1851–1907), musician and writer on etiquette, was the daughter of Major Charles Henry Cobbe and granddaughter of General George Cobbe (b. 1782), who was descended on the paternal side from Charles Cobbe (1687–1765), archbishop of Dublin (1742–3). She was the second cousin of ...

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Charles Robert Ashbee (1863–1942) by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1900 in the possession of the Ashbee family

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Ashbee, Charles Robert (1863–1942), architect, designer, and social reformer, was born on 17 May 1863 at Spring Grove, Heston, Isleworth, Middlesex, the first of the four children of Henry Spencer Ashbee (1834–1900), merchant and book collector, and his wife, Elizabeth Josephine Jenny (1841–1919)...

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Joseph Ashby (1859–1919) by unknown photographer © reserved

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Ashby, Joseph (1859–1919), farmer and social reformer, was born in Tysoe in Warwickshire on 13 June 1859, the son of an unmarried servant, Elizabeth Ashby. His father was the husband of Elizabeth's mistress, yet, common as such births were, Ashby's was in some ways different. His father provided for him but his mother, a fiercely independent woman, refused to use the money. More importantly his mother's branch of the ...

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Aves, Dame Geraldine Maitland (1898–1986), civil servant and social reformer, was born on 22 August 1898 at Jay's Hatch, a gamekeeper's cottage in a wood near the village of Bovenden, Hertfordshire, because her mother wanted her first child to be born in the depths of the country. She was the elder daughter (there were no sons) of ...

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Baines [née Hunt], Sarah Jane [Jennie] (1866–1951), suffragette and social reformer, was born on 30 November 1866 in Birmingham, the daughter of James Edward Hunt, gun maker, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Hunt. She started work in a Birmingham small arms factory aged eleven and at fourteen was assisting her parents in ...

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Barclay, Sir Peter Maurice (1926–2014), solicitor and social reformer, was born on 6 March 1926 at 2 Walerand Road, Lewisham, London, the only child of George Ronald Barclay (1894–1974), chartered secretary and businessman, and his wife, Josephine Maria Stephanie, née Lambert...

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Barnett [née Rowland], Dame Henrietta Octavia Weston (1851–1936), social reformer, was born in Clapham, Surrey, on 4 May 1851, the daughter of Alexander William Rowland (d. 1869), whose family fortune derived from Rowland's Macassar Oil Company, and Henrietta Monica Margaretta Ditges (...

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Dame Henrietta Octavia Weston Barnett (1851–1936) by Elliott & Fry, c. 1905 [The Barnetts: and Canon Samuel Augustus Barnett (1844-1913)] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barnett, Samuel Augustus (1844–1913), Church of England clergyman and social reformer, the elder son of Francis Augustus Barnett (d. 27 Dec 1883) and his wife, Mary Gilmore (d. 6 Nov 1880) of Bristol, was born at 5 Portland Square, Bristol, on 8 February 1844. His father was a wealthy manufacturer of iron bedsteads; his mother came from a long-established ...

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Barrett, Rosa Mary (1855–1936), social reformer and feminist, was born in Jamaica, the youngest of the four surviving children of William Garland Barrett (1812–1865), Congregational minister and sometime missionary to Jamaica, and his wife, Martha, née Fletcher (1811?–1893). One brother was the leading Congregationalist ...

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Bedi, Sir Khem Singh [Khem Singh Bedi Baba] (1832–1905), religious leader and social reformer, was born on 21 February 1832 in the village of Kallar, the Punjab, India, the second son of Baba Atar Singh Bedi (d. 1839), holy man and landowner. The family was descended from ...

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William Henry Beveridge, Baron Beveridge (1879–1963) by Helen Muspratt, 1938 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beveridge, William Henry, Baron Beveridge (1879–1963), social reformer and economist, was born at Rangpur in Bengal on 5 March 1879.

Beveridge was the second child and elder son of ...

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Biggs, Noah (fl. 1651), medical practitioner and social reformer, was active in the 1650s, though his identity and background remain obscure. It is possible that he was Henry Biggs, a surgeon employed at the dockyards of Deptford and Woolwich in 1649–53 to work with his father, ...