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Barclay, Sir Peter Maurice (1926–2014), solicitor and social reformer, was born on 6 March 1926 at 2 Walerand Road, Lewisham, London, the only child of George Ronald Barclay (1894–1974), chartered secretary and businessman, and his wife, Josephine Maria Stephanie, née Lambert...

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Peter James Henry Benenson (1921–2005) by Carolyn Djanogly, 1999 © Carolyn Djanogly; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Benenson, Peter James Henry (1921–2005), barrister and human rights campaigner, was born on 31 July 1921 at 6 Albert Court, Knightsbridge, London, the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Josiah Solomon (1885–1930), army officer, and his wife, Flora (1895–1984), daughter of the Jewish Russian banker ...

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Dame Geraldine Southall Cadbury (1865–1941) by Thomas Bowman Garvie, 1912 © Birmingham Museums Trust

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Cadbury, Dame Geraldine Southall (1865–1941), social and penal reformer, was born Geraldine Southall at 5 Highfield Road, Edgbaston, on 29 June 1865, the daughter of Alfred Southall (1838–1931), chemist, and his wife, Anna Strangman, née Grubb (1841–1912). She inherited a propensity for social activism from her Quaker parents; her father was a temperance worker who taught a working men's adult school class, while her Irish mother was a supporter of women's suffrage. She was educated at ...

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Finer, Sir Morris (1917–1974), judge and social reformer, was born on 12 December 1917 at 24 Underwood Street, Bethnal Green, in the East End of London, the elder son of Charles Finer (1888–1959), master tailor, and his wife, Ray, née Topper (1895–1978). He won scholarships from ...

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Gonson, Sir John (1676/7–1765), magistrate, details of whose birthplace and family are unknown, was called to the bar of the Inner Temple in July 1715. He served as a magistrate at the Middlesex sessions from 1720 and was knighted on 14 May 1722. ...

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Levy, Allan Edward (1942–2004), barrister, was born on 17 August 1942 at Bury Infirmary, Bury, Lancashire, the only child of Sidney Levy, a radio engineer, and his wife, Mabel, née Lewis. The family lived at Prestwich and Levy attended Bury grammar school and ...

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John Malcolm Forbes Ludlow (1821–1911) by E. Braconnier © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. R. Norman

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Ludlow, John Malcolm Forbes (1821–1911), lawyer and social activist, was born in Neemuch, India, on 8 March 1821, the youngest in the family of two sons and three daughters of Lieutenant-Colonel John Ludlow of the East India Company, and his wife, Maria Jane...

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Marks, (Dennis) Howard (1945–2016), drug smuggler and campaigner for the legalization of marijuana, was born on 13 August 1945 at Canberra, Waun Bant Road, Kenfig Hill, Bridgend, Glamorgan, the son of David Thomas Dennis Marks (1913–1996), a merchant navy captain, and his wife, ...

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Rahasya Rudra Narayan (1938–1998) by Harry Kerr, 1983 [centre, with a group of his supporters in front of the High Court] © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Narayan, Rahasya Rudra [Rudy] (1938–1998), barrister and civil rights activist, was born on 11 May 1938 in British Guiana, the ninth of ten children of Sase Narayan, landowner, and his wife, Taijbertie. He came from a politically active Indo-Guyanese family, engaged mainly in trading. He arrived in ...

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Orme, Eliza (1848–1937), social activist and lawyer, was born on 25 December 1848 at 16 Regent Villas, Avenue Road, London, the seventh of eight children of Charles Orme (c.1807–1893), distiller, of Southwark, and his wife, Eliza (1816–1892), eldest daughter of the ...

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Cornelia Sorabji (1866–1954) by Lafayette, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sorabji, Cornelia (1866–1954), barrister and social reformer, was born at Nasik in the Bombay Presidency, India, on 15 November 1866, the fifth daughter of the Revd Sorabji Karsedji, a Parsi Christian convert, and his wife, Franscina Ford, who had been brought up by an English couple. The ...

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Badruddin Tyabji (1844–1906) by unknown photographer, 1891 © reserved

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F. H. Brown

revised by Jim Masselos

Tyabji, Badruddin (1844–1906), judge and reformer in India, was born at Bombay on 10 October 1844, the eighth of ten children and the fifth of six sons of a Cambay merchant, Tyab Ali (also known as Tyabji Bhai Mian; 1803–1863), and his wife, ...

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See Weaver, Gertrude Baillie- [née Gertrude Renton; pseud. Gertrude Colmore]