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Abdy, Edward Strutt (1791–1846), campaigner against slavery and racism, was the fifth and youngest son of Thomas Abdy Abdy, born Thomas Abdy Rutherford (1755–1798), Church of England clergyman of Albyns, Essex, and his wife, Mary, daughter of James Hayes of Holyport, Buckinghamshire, a bencher of the ...

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Ashurst, Elizabeth Ann [Eliza] (c. 1814–1850), translator and campaigner for women's rights and against slavery, was born in Muswell Hill, Middlesex, the eldest child of William Henry Ashurst (bap. 1791?, d. 1855), of Muswell Hill, and his wife, Elizabeth Ann, née Brown (...

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Thomas Babington (1758–1837) by Charles E. Wagstaff (after John Hoppner) © Copyright The British Museum

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Babington, Thomas (1758–1837), philanthropist and politician, was born on 18 December 1758, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Babington (1715–1776), of Rothley Temple, Rothley, Leicestershire, and his wife, Lydia (1726/7–1791), daughter of Joseph Cardale, vicar of Hinckley. After education at Rugby School...

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Benezet, Anthony [formerly Antoine] (1713–1784), educational reformer and abolitionist, was born on 31 January 1713 in St Quentin, Picardy, France. In 1715 his wealthy protestant parents, Jean Étienne Benezet (1683–1751) and Judith de la Méjenelle (1693–1765), fled to Rotterdam to escape religious persecution, bribing the border guard with a bag of gold. After three months the ...

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Bowly, Samuel (1802–1884), slavery abolitionist and temperance advocate, the son of Samuel Bowly, a miller at Bibury, Gloucestershire, was born in Cirencester on 23 March 1802. During his youth he attended a Quaker school at Nailsworth and then worked at his father's flour mill. In 1827 he married ...

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Brown, Henry [known as Henry Box Brown] (b. c. 1815, d. in or after 1878), slavery abolitionist and magician, was born a slave on a plantation in Louisa county, about forty-five miles from Richmond, Virginia, USA, about 1815. His first master was relatively kind but when he died ...

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John Bullar (1778–1864) by Richard Cockle Lucas, 1854 Sotheby's Picture Library, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bullar, John (1778–1864), schoolmaster and campaigner for liberal causes, was born on 27 January 1778 in the parish of Holy Rood, Southampton, probably at 95/96 High Street, the son of John Bullar (1744–1836), peruke maker and hairdresser of Southampton High Street, and his wife, ...

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Buxton [married name Johnston], Priscilla (1808–1852), slavery abolitionist, was born on 25 February 1808 at Earlham Hall, near Norwich, the eldest of the eight children of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, first baronet (1786–1845), brewer, MP, and leading anti-slavery campaigner, and Hannah (1783–1872)...

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Chamerovzow, Louis Alexis (1816–1875), anti-slavery campaigner and author, was born in Brighton, Sussex, on 24 April 1816, the son of Alexis Chamerovzow (1774–1821) and his wife, Agathe Cecile Constance Emelie, née Dackweiler (d. 1865). His father, a Muscovite, had been a musician in the private band of ...

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See Clarkson, Thomas

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Thomas Clarkson (1760–1846) by Carl Fredrik von Breda, 1788 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Clarkson, Thomas (1760–1846), slavery abolitionist, was born on 28 March 1760 in the free grammar school, Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, of which his father, the Revd John Clarkson (1710–1766), was headmaster. His mother, Anne (1735–1799), was the daughter of Alpe Ward, a well-off and well-connected physician of ...

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Ellen Craft (1825/66–1891) by unknown artist London borough of Hammersmith and Fulham

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Craft [née Smith], Ellen (1825/6–1891), slavery abolitionist, was born into slavery in Clinton, Georgia, the daughter of Major James Smith and Maria, one of his slaves. In 1837, aged eleven, she was given to her mistress's daughter, Eliza, on her marriage to ...

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Craft, William (c. 1825–1900), slavery abolitionist, was born into slavery in Georgia, and apprenticed as a carpenter in Macon. His family was broken up when his parents, brother, and sister were sold separately to pay off their master's debts. At the age of sixteen ...

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Cugoano, Ottobah [John Stuart] (b. 1757?), slavery abolitionist and writer, was born on the coast of present-day Ghana, in the Fante village of Agimaque (present-day Ajumako). His parents are unknown. In 1770 he was kidnapped by fellow Africans, sold into slavery to Europeans, and transported to ...

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Dolben, Sir William, third baronet (1727–1814), politician and slavery abolitionist, was born and baptized on 12 January 1727 at Finedon, Northamptonshire, the second and only surviving son of Sir John Dolben, second baronet (1684–1756), rector of Burton Latimer and vicar of Finedon, and his wife, ...

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Olaudah Equiano (c. 1745–1797) by Daniel Orme, pubd 1789 (after W. Denton) © National Portrait Gallery, London