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Article

Budgett, Samuel (1794–1851), merchant and philanthropist, was born on 27 July 1794 at Wrington, Somerset, the seventh of the twelve children of James Budgett (1747–1823), shopkeeper, and his second wife and cousin, Elizabeth Budgett (d. 1831). In 1801, after residing in Backwell...

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Colston, Edward (1636–1721), merchant and philanthropist, was born on 2 November 1636 in Temple Street, Bristol, the eldest of probably eleven children (six boys and five girls are known) of William Colston (1608–1681), a merchant, and his wife, Sarah, née Batten (d...

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Colwall, Daniel (d. 1690), merchant and philanthropist, has an obscure family background, and nothing is known about his early life. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society on 16 January 1661, and was a council member (1663–86 and 1689) and treasurer from 1665 to 1679 [...

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See Cooper, Daniel

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Cory, John (1828–1910), coal broker and philanthropist, was born on 28 March 1828 at Bideford, the eldest of five sons of Richard Cory (1799–1882), merchant, and Sarah, both of Bideford. The father was the owner and master of a small vessel in the coastal trade, and his decision in the 1830s to open a store as ship's chandler and provision merchant in ...

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Cotton, William (1786–1866), merchant and philanthropist, was born on 12 September 1786 at Leytonstone, Essex, the third son of Joseph Cotton (1745–1825), a mariner and merchant, and his wife, Sarah (1751–1818), the daughter of John Harrison, a merchant and director of the Bank of England...

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Cropper, James (1773–1840), merchant and philanthropist, was born at Winstanley, Lancashire, the son of Thomas Cropper and his wife, Rebecca, née Winstanley. The Croppers were birthright members of the Society of Friends and small-scale farmers. James, however, was sufficiently ambitious to leave home at the age of seventeen to become apprenticed to ...

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Faneuil, Peter (1700–1743), merchant and philanthropist in America, was born in New Rochelle, New York, on 20 June 1700, the son of Benjamin Faneuil (d. 1719), merchant, and Anne Bureau. A Huguenot expelled in 1685 from France after the revocation of the edict of Nantes, ...

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Grant, Charles (1746–1823), director of the East India Company and philanthropist, was born in March 1746 at Aldourie farmhouse, Glen Urquhart, his mother's home, on Loch Ness in Inverness-shire in the highlands of Scotland. He was the third of seven children born to ...

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Jonas Hanway (bap. 1712, d. 1786) by James Northcote, 1785 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Hanway, Jonas (bap. 1712, d. 1786), merchant and philanthropist, was baptized on 2 August 1712 at the parish church of St Thomas, Portsmouth, the second of four children of Thomas Hanway (bap. 1671, d. 1714), the navy's agent victualler in Portsmouth, and his wife, ...

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Quintin Hogg (1845–1903) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

G. S. Woods

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Hogg, Quintin (1845–1903), merchant and philanthropist, of Scottish descent, fourteenth child and seventh son of Sir James Weir Hogg, first baronet (1790–1876), East India Company chairman and MP, and his wife, Mary Claudine (d. 26 June 1874), daughter of Samuel Swinton of the ...

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Howel [Howell], Thomas (c. 1480–1537), merchant and philanthropist, was the son of John Howel, a prosperous and well-established merchant of Bristol, and his wife, Alice, who subsequently married Sir Thomas Morgan of Pen-coed, Monmouthshire. His father's family seems originally to have come from ...

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Owens, John (1790–1846), merchant and philanthropist, was born in Manchester, the eldest son of Owen Owens (1764–1844) and his wife, Sarah (née Humphreys). Two other sons died in infancy. His parents were Welsh, his father being a native of Holywell, Flintshire; they married in 1788 and moved to ...

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Palmer, George (1772–1853), merchant and philanthropist, born on 11 February 1772, was the eldest son of William Palmer (1748?–1821), a London merchant descended from the Palmers of Wanlip, an old Leicestershire family, and his wife, Mary (b. 1747), only daughter of John Horsley...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by M. W. Kirby

Rathbone, William (1757–1809), merchant and philanthropist, the eldest son of William Rathbone (1726–1789) and his first wife, Rachel Rutter, was born at Liverpool. The family, originally sawyers from Gawsworth, Cheshire, migrated to Liverpool before 1730 to become timber merchants and ultimately shipbuilders and shipowners. By 1868 four generations of the family had been engaged in trade, having fulfilled a critical role in the commercial expansion of ...

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Rathbone, William (1819–1902), merchant and philanthropist, was born in Liverpool on 11 February 1819, the eldest son of William Rathbone (1787–1868) [see under Rathbone, William (1757-1809)] and his wife, Elizabeth Rathbone, née Greg (1789/90–1882). After passing through schools at Gateacre, Cheam...

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William Rathbone (1819–1902) by unknown photographer, c. 1889 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Redwood, Abraham (1709–1788), philanthropist and merchant in America, was born on 15 April 1709 in Antigua, the third of the six children of Abraham Redwood (1665–1729), sea captain and plantation owner, and his wife, Mehetable (c.1676–1715), daughter of Jonas and Mary Langford...