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Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carnegie, Andrew (1835–1919), steelmaker and philanthropist, was born in Moodie Street, Dunfermline, Fife, on 25 November 1835, the eldest of three children of William Carnegie (d. 1855), a damask linen weaver, and his wife, Margaret. After the age of eight he was educated at a Lancastrian school. Other influences on him—aside from his parents' poverty—were his family's nonconformity (his father was a Swedenborgian) and its Chartist sympathies....

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Dauntsey, William (c. 1480–1543), merchant and benefactor, was the fourth and youngest known son of John Dauntsey, esquire, of West Lavington, Wiltshire, where his family could trace its ancestry back to the mid-twelfth century, and his wife, Margery. He is to be distinguished from a contemporary namesake (...

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Grant, Charles (1746–1823), director of the East India Company and philanthropist, was born in March 1746 at Aldourie farmhouse, Glen Urquhart, his mother's home, on Loch Ness in Inverness-shire in the highlands of Scotland. He was the third of seven children born to ...

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Smith, Erasmus (bap. 1611, d. 1691), merchant and educational benefactor, was the son of Sir Roger Smith (1570/71–1655) of Husbands Bosworth, Leicestershire, and his second wife, Anna (1585/6–1652), daughter of Thomas Goodman of London. He was baptized on 8 April 1611 at Husbands Bosworth...

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Walker, Sir Andrew Barclay, first baronet (1824–1893), brewer and benefactor, was born at Auchinflower, Ayrshire, on 15 December 1824, the second son of Peter Walker (1795–1879) of the Fort brewery, Ayr, and his wife, Mary (d. 1846), eldest daughter of Arthur Carlaw...

Article

Wyggeston [Wigston], William (c. 1467–1536), merchant and benefactor, belonged to a family originating at Wigston, just outside Leicester, whose members were by the fifteenth century established as wealthy wool merchants in Coventry and in Leicester itself. The family name is variously spelt: in ...