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Helen Grace Brook, Lady Brook (1907–1997) by Elisabeth Novick, 1968 © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Brook [née Knewstub], Helen Grace, Lady Brook (1907–1997), advocate of birth control, was born on 12 October 1907 at the Chenil Gallery, 183a Kings Road, Chelsea, London. She was the eldest among the six children of John Knewstub, who ran the gallery, and ...

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Brigid Antonia Brophy (1929–1995) by Mark Gerson, 1966 © Mark Gerson; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brophy, Brigid Antonia [married name Brigid Antonia Levey, Lady Levey] (1929–1995), writer and campaigner, was born at 79 Uxbridge Road, Ealing, London, on 12 June 1929, the second child of John Brophy (1899–1965), a Liverpool-born writer and editor of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

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Edward Carpenter (1844–1929) by Roger Fry, 1894 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carpenter, Edward (1844–1929), campaigner for homosexual equality and socialist writer, was born on 29 August 1844 at 45 Brunswick Square, Brighton, Sussex, the third son of Charles Carpenter RN (1797–1882) and his wife, Sophia, the daughter of Thomas Wilson RN of Walthamstow. The ...

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Chance [née Whyte], Janet (1886–1953), abortion campaigner and writer on sex and marriage, was born at 62 Melville Street, Edinburgh, on 10 February 1886, the daughter of Alexander Whyte (1836–1921), a Free Church of Scotland minister and later principal of New College, Edinburgh...

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Court [née Brown], Audrey Kathleen (1913–2005), athlete and family planning reformer, was born on 24 May 1913 in Bankura, Bengal, India, the third of five children and the only daughter of Arthur E. Brown, Methodist minister and principal of Bankura College, and his wife, ...

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Daniel [née Lee], Joyce Mary (1890–1985), campaigner for birth control, was born on 10 May 1890 at Redland House, north Malvern, Worcestershire, the third of three daughters of Walter Lee, a Congregational minister, and his wife, Alice Amelia Hyrons. She was educated at ...

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Drysdale, George (1824–1904), freethinker and advocate of contraception, was born at 8 Royal Circus, Edinburgh, on 27 December 1824, the fourth son of the city treasurer and tory leader on Edinburgh council, Sir William Drysdale (1781–1843), who was concerned with sanitary reform and was a correspondent of ...

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Dyson, Anthony Edward [Tony] (1928–2002), literary critic and campaigner for homosexual law reform, was born on 28 November 1928 at 53 Warlock Road, Paddington, London, the only child of Sydney Herbert Dyson and his wife, Lilian Matilda, née Drake. Both parents worked as assistants in a drapery shop. Because of illness his father was often unemployed, and his mother took in lodgers to help the family finances. ...

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(Henry) Havelock Ellis (1859–1939) by Emil Otto Hoppé, 1922 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ellis, (Henry) Havelock (1859–1939), writer and sexologist, was born on 2 February 1859 at 1 St John's Grove, Croydon, Surrey, the eldest child and only son of Edward Peppern Ellis (1827–1914), a sea captain, and his wife, Susannah Mary (1829–1888), whose father, John Wheatley...

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Forster [née Mackenzie], Jacqueline Moir [Jackie] (1926–1998), journalist and campaigner for homosexual rights, was born on 6 November 1926 at the Royal Northern Hospital, Upper Holloway, London, the only daughter and eldest of two children of Kenneth Pirie Mackenzie, a doctor and major in the ...

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Frankenburg [née Barnett], Charis Ursula (1892–1985), birth control campaigner and justice of the peace, was born on 9 February 1892 at Borough Road Training College, Isleworth, where her father, Percy Arthur Barnett (1858–1941) was the college principal. Her father, who later became a schools inspector, was of Jewish ancestry but had converted to Christianity, while her mother, ...

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Stanley Owen Green (1915–1993) by unknown photographer © Museum of London

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Green, Stanley Owen [known as Protein Man] (1915–1993), dietary reformer and author, was born on 22 February 1915 at Harringay, north London, the youngest of the four sons of Richard Green (d. 1966), a bottle-stopper maker's clerk, and his wife, May (...

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Allan Horsfall (1927–2012) by unknown photographer, 1970s courtesy of Peter Tatchell

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Horsfall, Allan (1927–2012), gay rights campaigner, was born on 20 October 1927 in the Emmott Arms, Laneshawbridge, Colne, Lancashire, the son of the publican, Tom Horsfall, and his wife, Elizabeth Ellen, née Ratcliffe. After education at Nelson grammar school, he served in the ...

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Ives, George Cecil (1867–1950), criminologist and campaigner for homosexual law reform, was born in Germany on 1 October 1867 and baptized simply George Cecil at Holy Trinity Church, Chelsea, London, on 15 December 1867. He was the illegitimate son of Gordon Maynard Ives (from 1897 Gordon-Ives; 1837–1907)...