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Bowly, Samuel (1802–1884), slavery abolitionist and temperance advocate, the son of Samuel Bowly, a miller at Bibury, Gloucestershire, was born in Cirencester on 23 March 1802. During his youth he attended a Quaker school at Nailsworth and then worked at his father's flour mill. In 1827 he married ...

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Cooke [Cook], Robert [called Linen Cooke] (d. c. 1726), vegetarian and author, the elder son of Robert Cooke, came of a family that settled in co. Cork in the early seventeenth century and prospered in the linen and other trades, particularly in ...

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Docwra, Mary Elizabeth (1847–1914), temperance activist, was born at Kelvedon, Essex, on 20 January 1847, the third of seven children of George Docwra and his wife, Mary Jesup, née Knight. Members of the Society of Friends, her parents were from old Essex stock, tracing their family back more than 180 years. They were originally moderate drinkers, but early in their marriage embraced total abstinence and became active in temperance circles. Their seven children were all abstainers and workers for temperance reform. The mother organized the local children's temperance organization, the ...

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Dyer, Alfred Stace (1849–1926), moral reformer, was born Alfred Dyer at Kingsthorpe, Northampton, on 14 August 1849, the son of John Dyer, gardener, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Jones. His mother was widowed early in his childhood, and he left school at twelve to begin work in a printing firm. Brought up a Congregationalist, he became a committed evangelical Quaker in his early twenties. By 1871 he was employed as a lecturer for a peace organization, the ...

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Leslie Stephen

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Dymond, Jonathan (1796–1828), Quaker moralist and peace advocate, was born on 19 December 1796 at Bridge House, Bridge Street, Exeter, the fifth child of the five sons and two daughters of John Dymond (1761–1838) and his wife, Olive Hitchcock (1761–1840). His family belonged to the ...

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Haughton, James (1795–1873), social reformer and temperance activist, son of Samuel Pearson Haughton (1748–1828) and Mary, daughter of James Pim of Rushin, Queen's county, Ireland, was born in Carlow on 5 May 1795. He was educated at Ballitore, co. Kildare, from 1807 to 1810, under ...

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Impey, Catherine (1847–1923), political activist and temperance reformer, was born at Street in Somerset on 13 August 1847. Her parents were Robert Impey (1820–1886), originally a tanner, who grew seeds, became an innovative farmer, and sold agricultural equipment, and his wife, Mary Hannah Clothier (1823–1895)...

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Lucas, Margaret Bright (1818–1890), temperance activist and suffragist, was born on 14 July 1818 at Rochdale, Lancashire, the youngest daughter of Jacob Bright (1775–1851), cotton mill proprietor, and his second wife, Martha, née Wood (d. 1830). Several of her ten siblings, notably ...

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Procter, Jane (1810–1882), headmistress and temperance campaigner, was born on 2 November 1810 in Worsell in the parish of Kirklevington in Yorkshire, the first of the four children of James Procter (1766–1816), merchant, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Thurnam of ...