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Joshua Alder (1792–1867) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Yolanda Foote

Alder, Joshua (1792–1867), zoologist, was born on 7 April 1792 at Dean Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, the son of provision merchants. He was educated at Tanfield School, under a relative, the Revd Joseph Simpson. On his father's death in November 1808, he left school to help his mother run the family business. An early acquaintance with the wood-engraver ...

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Allen, Edgar Johnson (1866–1942), marine zoologist and scientific administrator, was born on 6 April 1866 at 6 Havelock Terrace, Preston, Lancashire, the son of the Revd Richard Allen, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Emma Johnson, daughter of a Bideford shipbuilder. They had three daughters and five sons, of whom ...

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Alston, Edward Richard (1845–1881), zoologist, was born at Stockbriggs House, near Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, on 1 December 1845, the fifth son of Mr J. W. Alston of Stockbriggs, a wealthy merchant of Glasgow. A delicate child, probably suffering from early tuberculosis, he was educated at home. From his earliest years he was keenly interested in natural history, and kept tame animals at the family's country home at ...

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Anderson, John (1833–1900), zoologist and ethnologist, was born on 4 October 1833 in Edinburgh, the second son of Thomas Anderson, secretary of the National Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Jane Cleghorn. His elder brother Thomas Anderson (1832–1870) was superintendent of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta...

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Angas, George French (1822–1886), artist and zoologist, born on 25 April 1822 in Newcastle upon Tyne, was the eldest son of George Fife Angas (1789–1879) and his wife, Rosetta French (1796–1867), who had three sons and four daughters. When he was a child his family moved to ...

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Auerbach, Charlotte [Lotte] (1899–1994), geneticist, was born on 14 May 1899 at Krefeld, Germany, the only child of Friedrich (Fritz) Auerbach (1870–1925), public health chemist in Berlin, and his wife, Selma, née Sachs (d. 1955), daughter of a general practitioner from Jauer...

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R. E. Thompson

revised by Peter Osborne

Baird, William (1803–1872), zoologist and physician, was born at Eccles, Berwickshire, on 8 January 1803, a younger son of the Revd James Baird (d. 1814), then minister of Eccles, and his wife, Sarah. His older brother was the evangelical preacher John Baird (1799–1861)...

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Balfour, Francis Maitland (1851–1882), comparative embryologist and morphologist, was born on 10 November 1851 at Queen Street, Edinburgh, the fifth of the eight children (and third son) of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner and MP, and Lady Blanche Gascoyne-Cecil (1825–1872), second daughter of ...

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See Ball, Robert

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Barclay, Oliver Rainsford (1919–2013), zoologist and evangelical society administrator, was born in Kobe, Japan, on 22 February 1919, the son of Joseph Gurney Barclay (1879–1976) and his second wife, Gwendoline Rose, née Watney (1885–1976). His family connections included prominent Quakers and Anglicans employed in banking and evangelical missions, notably the ...

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Bate, Charles Spence (1819–1889), dental surgeon and zoologist, was born on 16 March 1819 at Trenick House, in the parish of St Clement near Truro, Cornwall, the eldest son of Charles Bate (1789–1872), a Truro dentist, and his wife, Harriet Spence (1788–1879). After his education at ...

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Sir Gavin Rylands de Beer (1899–1972) by Elliott & Fry, 1950 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beer, Sir Gavin Rylands de (1899–1972), zoologist and historian, was born on 1 November 1899 at Malden, Surrey, the only son and elder child of Herbert Chaplin de Beer, journalist, and his wife, Mabel. Herbert was the son of Arnold de Beer and ...

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Thomas Bell (1792–1880) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Thomas (1792–1880), dental surgeon and zoologist, was born at Poole, Dorset, on 11 October 1792, the only son of the surgeon Thomas Bell and his wife, Susan Gosse (d. 1829), formerly a teacher. After initial training with his father, Bell entered ...

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Bennett, Edward Turner (1797–1836), zoologist, was born in Hackney, Middlesex, on 6 January 1797, the son of Edward Turner Bennett and his wife, Lucy. He was the elder brother of the botanist John Joseph Bennett (1801–1876). He practised as a surgeon in Portman Square...

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Blackwall, John (1790–1881), zoologist, was born on 20 January 1790, at 14 St Ann's Square, Manchester, the son of Thomas Blackwall, an Irish linen merchant. He initially worked in partnership with his father, but at the same time developed a keen interest in natural history. In 1821 he joined the ...

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Blanford, William Thomas (1832–1905), geologist and zoologist, was born on 7 October 1832, at 27 Bouverie Street, Whitefriars, London, the son of William Blanford, manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth Simpson; he was the brother of Henry Francis Blanford. He attended a private school at ...

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Blyth, Edward [pseuds. Zoophilus, Z] (1810–1873), zoologist, was born on 23 December 1810 at 9 Ironmongers Lane, City of London, the son of Clare Blyth (1749–1821) from Norfolk, clothier, and his second wife, Catharine Saunders. After his father's death he was educated at ...