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See Adams family

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See Adams family

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See Adams family

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Allen, Elias (c. 1588–1653), maker of mathematical instruments, was born near Tonbridge, Kent, probably in Ashurst, of unknown parentage. Apprenticed in 1602 to London instrument maker Charles Whitwell in the Grocers' Company, he served his master for nine years. Following Whitwell's death in 1611, ...

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See Babbage, Charles

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Barr, Archibald (1855–1931), engineer and manufacturer of range-finders, was born at Glenfield, near Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 18 November 1855, the third son of Archibald Barr, yarn merchant, and his wife, Jeanie Stirrat, of Paisley. From Paisley grammar school he entered the local works of ...

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Archibald Barr (1855–1931) by James Russell & Sons, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barrow, Henry (c. 1790–1870), maker of mathematical instruments, may have been born in Suffolk. Nothing is known of his education or apprenticeship, beyond his attendance at the London Mechanics' Institute. He married Elizabeth Mary Collins (1790–1834) in 1816 at Christ Church Greyfriars, London...

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Brooke, Charles (1804–1879), surgeon and inventor of measuring instruments, only son of the mineralogist and businessman Henry James Brooke (1771–1857), was born on 30 June 1804, in South Lambeth, Surrey. Following an early education in Chiswick he entered Rugby School in 1819 and ...

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Butterfield, Michael (1634/5–1724), mathematical instrument maker, was born, according to Martin Lister, in England. Nothing is known of his early life except that he was in France from perhaps 1663. In 1677, when a new form of level made by him was reported in the ...

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Cole, Humfrey (d. 1591), mathematical instrument maker and die sinker, described himself as 'a English man born in ye north' (on a map of Palestine engraved in 1572), but neither the date or place of his birth nor his parents are known. Although the form of his name varies on his signed works, '...

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Hayes, Walter (b. c. 1618, d. before 1696?), maker of mathematical instruments, was the son of Peter Hayes, a merchant from Chichester. He was apprenticed to John Allen in the Grocers' Company on 22 February 1632, taking his freedom on 14 June 1642. His first workshop was in ...

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See Jones, William

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Gowin Knight (bap. 1713, d. 1772) by Benjamin Wilson © Copyright The British Museum

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Knight, Gowin (bap. 1713, d. 1772), physician and inventor of geomagnetic instruments, was baptized at Corringham, Lincolnshire, on 10 September 1713, the son of the local vicar Robert Knight and his wife, Elizabeth. In 1724 the family moved to Leeds, where Knight was educated at the grammar school. In 1731 and 1735 he won scholarships to ...

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Lyle, David (fl. 1755–1762), maker of mathematical instruments and stenographer, was the author of a treatise entitled The art of short hand improved, being an universal character adapted to the English language, whereby every kind of subject may be expressed or taken down in a very easy, compendious, and legible manner...

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Massey family (per. c. 1760–1891), makers of clocks, watches, and nautical instruments, had as its most important member Edward Massey junior (bap. 1768, d. 1852), who was baptized on 18 August 1768 in Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire, the first of eight children of ...

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Norman, Robert (fl. 1560–1584), maker of mathematical instruments, whose origins are unknown, spent, by his own account, eighteen or twenty years at sea before settling down as a compass maker and self-styled 'hydrographer' at Ratcliff, London. Most of what is known about him comes from his own publications, in particular ...

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Prujean, John (c. 1630–1706), maker of mathematical instruments, was first apprenticed for eight years to Thomas Alcock in the Clockmakers' Company on 6 May 1646, then turned over to Elias Allen, the foremost London instrument maker of the period. There is no record that ...

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E. L. Radford

revised by Jeremy Lancelotte Evans

Quare, Daniel (1648/9–1724), maker of clocks, watches, and barometers, is presumed to have been of a strict Quaker family, but nothing is known of his parentage. It has been suggested he was a native of Somerset, perhaps on account of the former existence of a manor named ...