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Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982), politician and Nobel prizewinner, was born Philip John Baker at Woodstock, Brondesbury Park, London, on 1 November 1889, the sixth and penultimate child of (Joseph) Allen Baker (1852–1918) and his wife, Elizabeth Balmer Moscrip. His father had moved to ...

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Philip John Noel- Baker, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982) by Howard Coster, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Beaufoy, Mark (1764–1827), astronomer and physicist, was born in the house attached to his father's vinegar brewery at Cuper's Bridge, Lambeth, Surrey, on 4 March 1764, the third and youngest son of Mark Beaufoy (1718–1782), and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1720–1772). Mark Beaufoy sen....

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J. A. Ratcliffe

revised by Tim Procter

Eccles, William Henry (1875–1966), physicist and engineer, was born on 23 August 1875 at 2 Buccluch St, Barrow in Furness, Lancashire, the son of Charles Eccles, a blacksmith and later an engineer, and his wife, Annabella Todd. In later life Eccles said that it was in his father's workshop that he had learned about designing metal structures. He was educated privately and in 1894 went as a national scholar to the ...

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Fox, Robert Were (1789–1877), geologist and physicist, was born on 26 April 1789 in Falmouth, Cornwall, the eldest son of Robert Were Fox (1754–1818) and his wife, Elizabeth (1768–1849), daughter of Joseph Tregelles of Falmouth. The family were members of the Religious Society of Friends...

Article

Arthur Smithells

revised by Graeme J. N. Gooday

Thompson, Silvanus Phillips (1851–1916), physicist and electrical engineer, was born at York on 19 June 1851, the second of seven surviving children of Silvanus Thompson, master at Bootham School, York, and his wife, Bridget Tatham of Settle. From 1858 he underwent a Quaker schooling at ...