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Bouverie, Jacob [formerly Jacob Des Bouverie], first Viscount Folkestone (bap. 1694, d. 1761), patron of science and philanthropist, was baptized at St Katharine Cree church, London, on 14 October 1694, the second son of Sir William Des Bouverie, first baronet (1656–1717), and his second wife, ...

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Churcher, Richard (1659–1723), educational benefactor, was born on 10 July 1659 at Funtington, near Chichester, Sussex, the eldest son of Richard Churcher (d. 1676) and his wife, Elinor (d. 1710). His father was a yeoman farmer in comfortable circumstances who decided, however, that none of his children should follow him in agriculture. ...

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Marsham, Robert, second Baron Romney (1712–1793), patron of science and philanthropist, was born on 22 August 1712 at Frith Street, Soho, Westminster, and baptized at St Anne's, Soho, on 2 September, the second and only surviving son of Sir Robert Marsham, fifth baronet...

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Phillips [née Barron], Eliza [known as Mrs Edward Phillips] (1822/3–1916), a founder of the (Royal) Society for the Protection of Birds (SPB), was the daughter of George Barron (1763?–1852). Little is known about her early life apart from a story noted in her only obituary (...

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Herbrand Arthur Russell, eleventh duke of Bedford (1858–1940) by unknown photographer, c. 1910 Getty Images

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Russell, Herbrand Arthur, eleventh duke of Bedford (1858–1940), agriculturist and philanthropist, was born on 19 February 1858 in London, the younger son in the family of two sons and two daughters of Francis Charles Hastings Russell, ninth duke of Bedford (1819–1891) [see under...

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James Lewis Smithson (1764–1829) by Henri-Joseph Johns, 1816 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

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Smithson [formerly Macie], James Lewis (1764–1829), mineralogist and benefactor, was born Jacques Louis Macie in Paris in early 1764, the illegitimate son of a long-term liaison between Hugh Percy (formerly Smithson), second earl and later first duke of Northumberland (bap. 1712, d. 1786)...