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Bray, Jeremy William (1930–2002), mathematician and politician, was born in Hong Kong on 29 June 1930, the son of the Revd Arthur Henry Bray and his wife, Edith Muriel, who were Methodist missionaries. He spent his early childhood in Foshan. By great good fortune the ...

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Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader, was born on 5 July 1888 at Olviopol, a small town in Ukraine 100 miles north of Odessa, the second son among the thirteen children of Akiva Brodetsky (1864–1942), a synagogue official, and his wife, Adel Prober (1864–1926)...

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Digges, Thomas (c. 1546–1595), mathematician and member of parliament, was the eldest son of Leonard Digges (c. 1515–c. 1559), practical mathematician, and his wife, Bridget, daughter of Thomas Wilford of Hartridge, Kent. Digges was presumably brought up on his father's estate at Wootton, Kent...

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Philippa Garrett Fawcett (1868–1948) by unknown photographer The Principal and Fellows, Newnham College, Cambridge

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Fawcett, Philippa Garrett (1868–1948), mathematician and civil servant, was born in London on 4 April 1868, the only daughter of Henry Fawcett (1833–1884), Liberal politician and professor of political economy at Cambridge, and his wife, Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847–1929), leader of the women's suffragist movement. ...

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R. E. Anderson

revised by Anita McConnell

Hamilton, Robert (1743–1829), political economist and mathematician, was born in Edinburgh on 11 June 1743, the eighth son of Gavin Hamilton (1704–1767), bookseller and publisher, and his wife, Helen Balfour. His grandfather Dr William Hamilton (1669–1732) had been professor of divinity and principal in ...

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Heath, Sir Thomas Little (1861–1940), civil servant and authority on ancient mathematics, was born on 5 October 1861 at Barnetby-le-Wold, Lincolnshire, the third and youngest son of Samuel Heath, of Thornton Curtis, Ulceby, Lincolnshire, a butcher whose hobby was the classics, and his wife, ...

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Levy, Hyman (1889–1975), mathematician and socialist activist, was born on 28 February 1889 in Edinburgh, the second of four sons and third of eight children of Marcus Levy, picture dealer of Edinburgh, and his wife, Minna Cohen. Their Zionist and socialist teachings were a strong formative influence. ...

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Penney, William George, Baron Penney (1909–1991), mathematical physicist and public servant, was born at 4E Block, Naval Hospital Road, Gibraltar, on 24 June 1909, the only son and eldest of the three children of William Alfred Penney (b. 1881), sergeant-major in the ...

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William George Penney, Baron Penney (1909–1991) by unknown photographer Getty Images; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Richardson, Lewis Fry (1881–1953), mathematician and pacifist, was born on 11 October 1881 at The Gables, Elswick Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, the youngest of the seven children of David Richardson (1835–1913) and his wife, Catherine (1838–1919), daughter of Robert and Jane Fry of ...

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Lewis Fry Richardson (1881–1953) by Walter Stoneman, 1931 © National Portrait Gallery, London