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Cornelius Walford

Reviser Robert Brown

Brown, Samuel (1811–1875), actuary and statistician, was born in London on 24 March 1811, the second son in the family of five sons and two daughters of John Aquila Brown (d. 1830), a silversmith, and his wife, Ann Eliza, née Truss (...

Article

G. J. Gray

Reviser Anita McConnell

Dodson, James (c. 1705–1757), mathematician and actuary, was the son of John Dodson (b. 1675), citizen and freeman of the Merchant Taylors' Company, and his wife, Elizabeth, who died shortly after his birth. His grandfather, also John Dodson, was a tailor of ...

Article

Giffen, Sir Robert (1837–1910), economist and statistician, born on 22 July 1837 at Strathaven, Lanarkshire, was the younger son of Robert Giffen, a village grocer and an elder of the Presbyterian church, and his wife, Janet Wiseman. Giffen was educated at the village school. He read all the books he could find and, with his elder brother, ...

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Sir Robert Giffen (1837–1910) by Sydney Prior Hall, pubd 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gray, Peter (1807/8–1887), actuary and mathematician, was born at Aberdeen. Little is known about his origins, but he was educated at Gordon's Hospital (subsequently Gordon's College) and at Aberdeen University for two years. He developed a passion for mathematics and, in order to assist the work of a friend, took a special interest in the study of life contingencies. This led to honorary membership of the ...

Article

Hamilton, Robert (1743–1829), political economist and mathematician, was born in Edinburgh on 11 June 1743, the eighth son of Gavin Hamilton (1704–1767), bookseller and publisher, and his wife, Helen Balfour. His grandfather Dr William Hamilton (1669–1732) had been professor of divinity and principal in ...

Article

Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Leone Levi (1821–1888) by Elliott & Fry, 1873 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Playfair, William (1759–1823), inventor of statistical graphs and writer on political economy, was born on 22 September 1759 at the manse, Liff, near Dundee, the fifth of eight children of the Revd James Playfair (1712–1772), of the parish of Liff and Benvie, and ...

Article

Stamp, Josiah Charles, first Baron Stamp (1880–1941), statistician and business administrator, was born at Kilburn, London, on 21 June 1880. Of the seven children of his father, Charles Stamp (1852–1935), he was the third but eldest son to survive infancy; (Laurence) Dudley Stamp...

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Josiah Charles Stamp, first Baron Stamp (1880–1941) by Lafayette, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Stone, Sir (John) Richard Nicholas (1913–1991), economist and statistician, was born on 30 August 1913, at 19 York Mansions, Battersea, London, the only child of Sir Gilbert Stone (1886–1967) and his wife, Elsie Lawton Scott (1884–1969). His father was a barrister who became a ...

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Sir (John) Richard Nicholas Stone (1913–1991) by unknown photographer PA Photos

Article

Watts, Thomas (d. 1742), mathematician and entrepreneurial agent, was the son of William Watts of Shanks House, near Wincanton, Somerset. He was probably born before 1695 and his education must have been good, although he did not attend either English university. He first appears as author of ...