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Article

Cornelius Walford

revised by Robert Brown

Brown, Samuel (1811–1875), actuary and statistician, was born in London on 24 March 1811, the second son in the family of five sons and two daughters of John Aquila Brown (d. 1830), a silversmith, and his wife, Ann Eliza, née Truss (...

Article

Devons, Ely (1913–1967), statistician and economist, was born in Bangor, north Wales, on 29 July 1913, the second eldest in a family of three boys and three girls of David Isaac Devons, a Jewish minister from Vilna who had arrived in Britain in 1902 on a Russian passport at the age of twenty-one, and his wife, ...

Article

G. J. Gray

revised by Anita McConnell

Dodson, James (c. 1705–1757), mathematician and actuary, was the son of John Dodson (b. 1675), citizen and freeman of the Merchant Taylors' Company, and his wife, Elizabeth, who died shortly after his birth. His grandfather, also John Dodson, was a tailor of ...

Article

Edgeworth, Francis Ysidro (1845–1926), economist and statistician, was born on 8 February 1845 at Edgeworthstown in co. Longford, the fifth and last son of Francis Beaufort Edgeworth (1809–1846), and his wife, Rosa Florentina (1815–1864), daughter of General Antonio Eroles, an exile from the absolutist ...

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Francis Ysidro Edgeworth (1845–1926) by Walter Stoneman, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ehrenberg, Andrew Samuel Christopher (1926–2010), statistician and marketing scientist, was born in Bochum, Germany, on 1 May 1926 into a remarkably talented Jewish family. His father, the Revd Hans Philip Ehrenberg (1883–1958), was the outspoken pastor of Pauluskirche in Bochum at the time of the Nazis' seizure of power, one of the co-founders of the ...

Article

Flux, Sir Alfred William (1867–1942), economist, statistician, and civil servant, was born in Portsmouth on 8 April 1867, the only son of John Flux, a journeyman cement maker, and his wife, Emily, daughter of Alfred Prince, dairy farmer, of Newport, Isle of Wight...

Article

Giffen, Sir Robert (1837–1910), economist and statistician, born on 22 July 1837 at Strathaven, Lanarkshire, was the younger son of Robert Giffen, a village grocer and an elder of the Presbyterian church, and his wife, Janet Wiseman. Giffen was educated at the village school. He read all the books he could find and, with his elder brother, ...

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Sir Robert Giffen (1837–1910) by Sydney Prior Hall, pubd 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gompertz, Benjamin (1779–1865), mathematician and actuary, was born on 5 March 1779 at 3 Bury Street in the City of London, the fourth of five sons of Solomon Barent Gompertz (1729–1807/8), a successful diamond merchant, and his second wife, Leah Cohen (1747×9–1809). His mother was Dutch by birth, the daughter of ...

Article

Gray, Peter (1807/8–1887), actuary and mathematician, was born at Aberdeen. Little is known about his origins, but he was educated at Gordon's Hospital (subsequently Gordon's College) and at Aberdeen University for two years. He developed a passion for mathematics and, in order to assist the work of a friend, took a special interest in the study of life contingencies. This led to honorary membership of the ...

Article

R. E. Anderson

revised by Anita McConnell

Hamilton, Robert (1743–1829), political economist and mathematician, was born in Edinburgh on 11 June 1743, the eighth son of Gavin Hamilton (1704–1767), bookseller and publisher, and his wife, Helen Balfour. His grandfather Dr William Hamilton (1669–1732) had been professor of divinity and principal in ...

Article

Jowell, Sir Roger Mark (1942–2011), social statistician, was born on 26 March 1942 in Cape Town, South Africa, the younger son of Jack Jowell (1906–1991), director of a company making ladies' clothing, and his wife, Emily, née Katzenellenbogen (1909–2000). His family were Jewish although ...

Article

Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Leone Levi (1821–1888) by Elliott & Fry, 1873 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Mellis, John (fl. c. 1564–1588), writer on arithmetic and bookkeeping, came from Norwich, but few details of his life are known and there is no record of his death. He had (according to himself) a natural genius for drawing proportions, maps, cards, buildings, and plates. He attended a ...

Article

Newmarch, William (1820–1882), economic statistician, was born at Thirsk, Yorkshire, on 28 January 1820 and left school at an early age to take a clerical post with a distributor of stamps. At a time when an able, industrious clerk could aspire to managerial status in the financial world, young ...

Article

Playfair, William (1759–1823), inventor of statistical graphs and writer on political economy, was born on 22 September 1759 at the manse, Liff, near Dundee, the fifth of eight children of the Revd James Playfair (1712–1772), of the parish of Liff and Benvie, and ...

Article

Stamp, Josiah Charles, first Baron Stamp (1880–1941), statistician and business administrator, was born at Kilburn, London, on 21 June 1880. Of the seven children of his father, Charles Stamp (1852–1935), he was the third but eldest son to survive infancy; (Laurence) Dudley Stamp...

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Josiah Charles Stamp, first Baron Stamp (1880–1941) by Lafayette, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London