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Adams, William (1823–1904), engineer, was born in Limehouse, London, on 15 October 1823, the second son and third child in the family of three sons and two daughters of John Samuel Adams, clerk of works to the East India Dock Company, and his wife, ...

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Adamson, Daniel (1820–1890), engineer and entrepreneur, was born on 30 April 1820 at Shildon, co. Durham. He was the thirteenth of fifteen children, seven sons and eight daughters, born to Daniel Adamson, landlord of the Grey Horse at Shildon, and his wife, Ann...

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See Industrial spies

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Alexander, Daniel Asher (1768–1846), architect and engineer, was born on 6 May 1768 in the parish of St Olave, Southwark, London, the son of Daniel Alexander, broker, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was educated at St Paul's School and in 1782 he became a student at the ...

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A. H. Millar

revised by Ian St John

Allan, Sir William (1837–1903), engineer and politician, born at Dundee on 29 November 1837, was the third son of James Allan (d. 1883), machine maker, and his wife, Margaret Dickson (d. 1879). After being educated in local schools, Allan served his apprenticeship as an engineer at his father's ...

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Anderson, Adam (1780–1846), natural philosopher and engineer, was born on 29 June 1780 in Tulliallan parish, Perthshire, third son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Andrew Anderson, shipmaster of Kincardine-on-Forth, and his second wife, Anne Moon, of Errol. In later life he shortened his age, claiming to be born in 1783; this was also the date recorded on the gravestone erected by his admirers. Educated in arts and, briefly, divinity, at ...

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Appold, John George (1800–1865), fur dyer and engineer, was born on 14 April 1800 at 23 Wilson Street, Finsbury Square, London, the third of seven children of Christian Appold, (1758/9–1834), fur dyer, and his first wife Hannah née Titford (1771/2–1810...

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Atkins, Sir William Sydney Albert (1902–1989), engineer, was born on 6 February 1902 at 74 Medway Road, Bow, London, the second of three sons (there was also a daughter, who died at the age of eight) of Robert Edward Atkins and his wife, ...

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Herbert Austin, Baron Austin (1866–1941) by Walter Stoneman, 1937 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Austin, Herbert, Baron Austin (1866–1941), engineer and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 8 November 1866 at Grange Farm, Deep Mill Lane, Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, the second of five children of Giles Stevens Austin, a farmer, and his wife, Clara Jane, daughter of ...

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See Aveling, Thomas

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Aveling, Thomas (1824–1882), engineer and manufacturer of steamrollers, was born at Elm, near Wisbech, on 11 September 1824, the eldest of three sons. He came from an old-established Cambridgeshire family, but he moved to Rochester in Kent as a boy, when his widowed mother remarried. About 1836 he was apprenticed to a farmer, ...

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Francis Thomas Bacon (1904–1992) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1987 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bacon, Francis Thomas [Tom] (1904–1992), engineer and developer of the fuel cell, was born on 21 December 1904 at Ramsden Hall, Ramsden Crays, Billericay, Essex, the second of three sons of Thomas Walter Bacon (1863–1950), electrical engineer, and his wife, Edith Mary, née...

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Baird, Charles (1766–1843), engineer and manufacturer of steam-driven machinery, was born on 20 December 1766 at Westertown, near Carron, Stirlingshire, one of the ten children of Nicol Baird, superintendent of the Firth and Clyde Canal, and his wife, Christian. In 1782 he was apprenticed to the ...

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H. M. Stephens

revised by James Falkner

Baker, Sir William Erskine (1808–1881), army officer and engineer, was the fourth son of Captain Joseph Baker RN, and was born on 29 November 1808 at Leith. He was educated at Ludlow and at Addiscombe College (1825–6), and after attending an extended engineering course while a cadet he went out to ...

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Barr, Archibald (1855–1931), engineer and manufacturer of range-finders, was born at Glenfield, near Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 18 November 1855, the third son of Archibald Barr, yarn merchant, and his wife, Jeanie Stirrat, of Paisley. From Paisley grammar school he entered the local works of ...

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Archibald Barr (1855–1931) by James Russell & Sons, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beale, Sir Samuel Richard (1881–1964), engineer and industrialist, was born in Birmingham on 7 February 1881, one of two sons of James Samuel Beale (1840–1912) [see under Beale family], solicitor and company director, and his wife, Margaret Field. He was educated at ...

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Beardmore, William, Baron Invernairn (1856–1936), engineer and shipbuilder, was born on 16 October 1856 at Deptford, the eldest son of William Beardmore and his wife, Sophia Louisa Halkman. His father was assistant manager of the Deptford works of the General Steam Navigation Company...