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Sir John Aird, first baronet (1833–1911) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aird, Sir John, first baronet (1833–1911), civil engineering contractor, was born on 3 December 1833 in Greenwich, the second son of eight children of John Aird (1800–1876), contractor, and Agnes (d. 1869), daughter of Charles Bennett of Lambeth. His grandfather Robert Aird...

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Arrol, Sir William (1839–1913), civil engineer, was born at Houston, Renfrewshire, on 13 February 1839, the son of Thomas Arrol, cotton spinner, and his wife, Agnes Hodgart, sister of Matthew Hodgart, a mechanical engineer in Paisley and partner in the firm of Fullerton Hodgart and Barclay...

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Sir Donald Coleman Bailey (1901–1985) by Walter Bird, 1962 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bailey, Sir Donald Coleman (1901–1985), civil engineer, was born in Rotherham, Yorkshire, on 15 September 1901, the only child of Joseph Henry Bailey, commercial cashier, and his wife, Caroline Coleman. After attending Rotherham grammar school and the Leys School, Cambridge, Bailey went to ...

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W. F. Spear

revised by Mike Chrimes

Baker, Sir Benjamin (1840–1907), civil engineer, was born at Keyford, Frome, Somerset, on 31 March 1840, the son of Benjamin Baker and Sarah Hollis. His father, a native of co. Carlow, Ireland, became principal assistant at ironworks at Tondu, Glamorgan. After being educated at ...

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Baker, John Fleetwood, Baron Baker (1901–1985), civil engineer, was born on 19 March 1901 at Liscard, Cheshire, the younger child and only son of Joseph William Baker (1872–1958), etcher and watercolour painter, and his wife, Emily Carole Fleetwood (1874–1952). Baker was educated at ...

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J. H. Andrews

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Bald, William (1789/90–1857), surveyor and civil engineer, was born in Burntisland, Fife, and educated at Burntisland and in Edinburgh before becoming apprenticed to the eminent Scottish land surveyor, John Ainslie. From 1803 onwards he was employed on very extensive estate surveys throughout Scotland...

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Peter William Barlow (1809–1885) by Maull & Polyblank Science & Society Picture Library

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Barlow, Peter William (1809–1885), civil engineer, was born at Woolwich on 1 February 1809, the elder son of Professor Peter Barlow (1776–1862), mathematician. His mother's name is unknown. His younger brother was William Henry Barlow (1812–1902). After an education at private schools he followed his early ambition of a career in civil engineering by becoming a pupil of ...

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William Henry Barlow (1812–1902) by John Collier, 1880 courtesy of the Institution of Civil Engineers Archives

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Barlow, William Henry (1812–1902), civil engineer, was born on 10 May 1812 at Woolwich, London, the younger son of Peter Barlow (1776–1862), mathematician and physicist, of the Royal Military Academy. His elder brother was Peter William Barlow (1809–1885). Following private schooling, at the age of sixteen he studied civil engineering with his father for a year. He then began three years' engineering pupillage, initially in the machinery department at ...

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Barry, Sir John Wolfe Wolfe- (1836–1918), civil engineer, was born on 7 December 1836 in London, the youngest son, in a family of five sons and two daughters, of Sir Charles Barry (1795–1860), the architect of the houses of parliament, and his wife, ...

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Bateman, John Frederic La Trobe (1810–1889), civil engineer, was born at Lower Wyke, near Halifax, on 30 May 1810, the eldest son of John Bateman (1772–1851), an unsuccessful inventor, and his wife, Mary Agnes, daughter of Benjamin La Trobe, a Moravian missionary at ...

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Sir Joseph William Bazalgette (1819–1891) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1877 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bazalgette, Sir Joseph William (1819–1891), civil engineer, was born on 28 March 1819 at Enfield, Middlesex, the second of the thirteen children, and only surviving son, of Joseph William Bazalgette (1783–1849), a retired naval officer, and his wife, Theresa Philo Pilton (1796–1850). He was baptized at ...

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Beaver, Sir Hugh Eyre Campbell (1890–1967), brewer and civil engineer, was born in Johannesburg on 4 May 1890, the eldest of three sons of Hugh Edward Campbell Beaver, landowner of Montgomeryshire, and his wife, Cerise, daughter of John Eyre, who was of Anglo-Irish extraction. ...

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Beckett, Allan Harry (1914–2005), engineer, was born on 4 March 1914 at 294 Central Park Road, East Ham, London, the son of George William Harry Beckett, accounting clerk, and his wife, Emma Louise, née Stokes. He was originally given the first name Basil...

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Benson, Sir John (1812–1874), architect and civil engineer, was born at Collooney, co. Sligo, the only son of John Benson. He attended the Royal Dublin Society's School of Architectural Drawing and worked for the office of public works on a number of buildings, including the Dominican church and convent in ...

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Berkley, James John (1819–1862), civil engineer, was born at Holloway, London, on 21 October 1819, the son of James Berkley (1792–1852) of Canonbury Square, Islington, and his wife Mary née Davis (1792–1874). He completed his education at King's College, London...