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Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

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William Edward Ayrton (1847–1908) by W. & D. Downey, pubd 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ayrton, William Edward (1847–1908), electrical engineer and physicist, was born in London on 14 September 1847 to the accomplished barrister and linguist Edward Nugent Ayrton (1815–1873), and his wife, thereby joining a family long connected with law and music, and traditionally supportive of women's rights. ...

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Francis Thomas Bacon (1904–1992) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1987 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bacon, Francis Thomas [Tom] (1904–1992), engineer and developer of the fuel cell, was born on 21 December 1904 at Ramsden Hall, Ramsden Crays, Billericay, Essex, the second of three sons of Thomas Walter Bacon (1863–1950), electrical engineer, and his wife, Edith Mary, née...

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Burch, Cecil Reginald [Bill] (1901–1983), physicist and engineer, was born at 2 Museum Road, Oxford, on 12 May 1901, the fifth child of George James Burch (1852–1914) and his wife, Constance Emily Jeffries, otherwise Baker. Soon after birth Burch was nicknamed Bill by his family and friends. His father was professor of physics at ...

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Froude, William (1810–1879), engineer and naval architect, fourth son of Robert Hurrell Froude (1770/71–1859), archdeacon of Totnes, and Margaret, née Spedding (1774/5–1821), was born at Dartington parsonage on 28 November 1810. (Richard) Hurrell Froude (1803–1836) and James Anthony Froude (1818–1894) were his brothers. He was educated at ...

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Hamilton, Stanley Baines (1889–1977), civil engineer and historian, was born at 23 London Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk, on 10 August 1889, the son of John Miller Hamilton, a Baptist minister, and his wife, Ellen Josephine Baines. The family moved to Darlington where Hamilton attended ...

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Brysson Cunningham

revised by Anita McConnell

Maxim, Sir Hiram Stevens (1840–1916), engineer and inventor, was born on 5 February 1840 at Brockway's Mills, near Sangerville, Maine, USA, the elder son of Isaac Weston Maxim (1814–1883) and his wife, Harriet Boston (1815–1901), daughter of Levi Stevens of Maine. His father's family were of Huguenot and his mother's of English descent. ...

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Mitchell, Sir Godfrey Way (1891–1982), construction engineer and entrepreneur, was born at 54 Scylla Road, Peckham, London, on 31 October 1891, the younger son (there were no daughters) of Christopher Mitchell, stonemason and quarry owner, and his wife, Margaret, née Way, of Weymouth, Dorset...

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Swindin, Norman (1880–1976), chemical engineer, was born at Silkstone Common, Silkstone, Yorkshire, on 16 December 1880, the eldest of three sons and a daughter of William Swindin, stationmaster at Silkstone, and his wife, Martha Normansell. The family moved in 1884 to Macclesfield, where ...

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Sir Raymond Unwin (1863–1940) by George Charles Beresford, 1922 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Unwin, Sir Raymond (1863–1940), engineer, architect, and town planner, was the younger son of William Unwin (1827–1900) and his wife, Elizabeth Sully, of a family from Bridgwater, Somerset, with shipping interests in the Welsh coal trade. His father had inherited a tannery at ...

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Wadia, Ardaseer Cursetjee (1808–1877), civil engineer, was born, probably on 30 September 1808, in Bombay, India, the only surviving child of Cursetjee Rustomjee Wadia (1788–1863), master shipbuilder of the East India Company, and his wife, Jerbai Cowasjee Bomanjee Kabrajee (d. 1848). He was a member of the Parsi community, his forebears being from ...

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Weck, Richard (1913–1986), civil engineer, was born on 5 March 1913 in Franzenbad, Bohemia, the elder son and eldest of three children of Francis Weck, manager of a small restaurant, and his wife, Katie Dauber. His early life was frugal, for his mother and younger sister died early, and he had to care for his younger brother and become accustomed to casual teaching work. Despite these set-backs he entered the ...