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H. T. Wood

revised by Ralph Harrington

Adams, William Bridges (1797–1872), railway engineer, was born in Westminster, London, on 26 May 1797, the son of William Adams, a coach builder, and his wife, Ann. He showed an early aptitude for engineering. On 30 November 1818 he married Elizabeth, daughter of the radical ...

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See Armstrong, Joseph

Article

Armstrong, Joseph (1816–1877), locomotive engineer, was born on 21 September 1816 at Bewcastle, Cumberland, the son of Thomas Armstrong (1785–1844), yeoman and later farm bailiff, and his wife. Joseph and his three older brothers went with their parents in 1817 to Canada where his brother ...

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Herbert Austin, Baron Austin (1866–1941) by Walter Stoneman, 1937 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Austin, Herbert, Baron Austin (1866–1941), engineer and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 8 November 1866 at Grange Farm, Deep Mill Lane, Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, the second of five children of Giles Stevens Austin, a farmer, and his wife, Clara Jane, daughter of ...

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Aveling, Thomas (1824–1882), engineer and manufacturer of steamrollers, was born at Elm, near Wisbech, on 11 September 1824, the eldest of three sons. He came from an old-established Cambridgeshire family, but he moved to Rochester in Kent as a boy, when his widowed mother remarried. About 1836 he was apprenticed to a farmer, ...

Article

G. Temple

revised by Anita McConnell

Bairstow, Sir Leonard (1880–1963), aeronautical engineer, was born on 25 June 1880 at Halifax in Yorkshire, the son of Uriah Bairstow, a commercial clerk, and his wife, Elizabeth Lister. He attended schools in Halifax, from where he went, in 1898, on a scholarship to the ...

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Bamford, Joseph Cyril (1916–2001), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 June 1916 at The Parks, New Road, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of Cyril Joseph Bamford, agricultural engineer, and his wife, Dolores Alice, née Turner. His family controlled and managed a long-established farm machinery business. The company, which manufactured balers and other equipment, had been started by his great-great-grandfather in 1812. He was brought up a Roman Catholic. After education at ...

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Joseph Cyril Bamford (1916–2001) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1989 © Lucinda Douglas-Menzies; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beach, Harold Henry (1913–2010), engineer and car designer, was born on 15 February 1913 at 10 Malvern Villas, Willesden Lane, Acton, London, the only son of Henry Beach, coach builder, and his wife, Maud Mary, née Carter. He was educated privately and later studied engineering at a technical college. In 1928 he embarked on his career in the automotive industry when he became an apprentice draughtsman on a wage of ...

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Beardmore, William, Baron Invernairn (1856–1936), engineer and shipbuilder, was born on 16 October 1856 at Deptford, the eldest son of William Beardmore and his wife, Sophia Louisa Halkman. His father was assistant manager of the Deptford works of the General Steam Navigation Company...

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William Beardmore, Baron Invernairn (1856–1936) by Elliott & Fry courtesy of Glasgow University Archive Services

Article

J. Brown

revised by Anthony Slaven

Bell, Sir Thomas (1865–1952), engineer and shipbuilder, was born on 21 December 1865 at Sirsawa in India, the son of Imrie Bell, a consultant engineer specializing in the design of lighthouses, and his wife, Jane Walker of Edinburgh. His early education was undertaken at the ...

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Sir Thomas Bell (1865–1952) by unknown photographer reproduced with permission of Archives and Special Collections Department, Glasgow City Libraries, Information and Learning

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Blackmore, Frank Cuendet (1916–2008), road traffic engineer, was born on 16 February 1916 at La Maison Lugon, rue Michelet, Fort National (later Larbaa Nath Irathen), Algeria, the third of four children of a British father, Josiah Thomas Cullum Blackmore (1880–1961), a Plymouth Brethren...

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Bond, Lawrence (1907–1974), engineer and motor vehicle designer, was born at 5 Penwortham Hill, Penwortham, Preston, Lancashire, on 2 August 1907, the son of Frederick Charles Bond (1873–1963), a clothing maker who became a well-known local historian and artist, and his wife, Margaret Ellen, ...

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G. C. Boase

revised by Lionel Alexander Ritchie

Bremner, James (1784–1856), civil engineer and shipbuilder, was born at Keiss, in the parish of Wick, Caithness, on 25 September 1784, the youngest of nine children of James and Janet Bremner. He resembled his soldier father in his robust physique and in his fearless character, which emerged early in life. He received a limited education before, in 1798, being apprenticed to the ...

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Browne, Sir Benjamin Chapman (1839–1917), engineer and shipbuilder, was born on 26 August 1839 at Stouts Hill, Uley, Gloucestershire, the youngest of the three sons of Colonel Benjamin Chapman Browne (d. c.1853) of the 9th lancers and later of the Gloucestershire yeomanry...

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Bruyne, Norman Adrian de (1904–1997), aeronautical engineer, was born on 8 November 1904 at Punta Arenas, Magallanes, Chile, the fourth and youngest son of Dr Pieter Adriaan de Bruyne, a sheep farmer originally from the Netherlands, and his wife, Maude, née Mattocks, of English descent. His father had left ...

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G. P. Bulman

revised by Anita McConnell

Buchanan, Sir John Scoular (1883–1966), aeronautical engineer, was born at Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, on 23 November 1883, the son of Joseph Buchanan, a steel smelter, and his wife, Janet M. Scoular Hogg. They also had another son and a daughter who emigrated to Canada...