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Aikin, Arthur (1773–1854), natural scientist and author, was born on 19 May 1773 at Warrington, Lancashire, the eldest son of John Aikin (1747–1822) and his wife, Martha (c.1746–1830), daughter of Arthur Jennings of Cheapside, London. His brothers were Charles Rochemont Aikin...

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Arthur Aikin (1773–1854) by William Brockedon, 1826 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ainsworth, William Francis (1807–1896), geographer and geologist, was born on 9 November 1807, in Exeter, the third son of John Ainsworth of Rostherne, Cheshire, army officer. At the suggestion of his cousin, the novelist William Harrison Ainsworth, he adopted the additional forename Francis...

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Allen, Percival [Perce] (1917–2008), geologist and sedimentologist, was born on 15 March 1917 into a large family in Brede, near Hastings, Sussex, the son of Norman William Allen, grocer and draper, and his wife, Mildred Kathleen, née Hoad. He was educated at Rye grammar school...

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Ansted, David Thomas (1814–1880), geologist, was born on 5 February 1814 in London, the son of William Ansted. He was educated at a private school, and at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1836 and was elected a fellow in 1840. He was appointed professor of geology at ...

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L. R. Cox

revised by J. H. Callomon

Arkell, William Joscelyn (1904–1958), geologist, was born in Highworth, Wiltshire, on 9 June 1904, the youngest of a family of seven of James Arkell, brewer, and his wife, a talented artist, Laura Jane, daughter of Augustus William Rixon, a London solicitor. From an early age ...

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William Joscelyn Arkell (1904–1958) by Walter Stoneman Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Artis, Edmund Tyrell (bap. 1789, d. 1847), geologist and archaeologist, was baptized on 11 September 1789 in Saxmundham, Suffolk, the eldest in the family of three sons and three daughters of James Artis, carpenter, and his wife, Mary Tyrell Watling. Little is known of his childhood, though it is said he developed a talent for drawing at an early age. At sixteen he went to work for his uncle, a ...

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Atherstone, William Guybon (1814–1898), medical practitioner, botanist, and geologist, was born on 27 May 1814 at Zion Hill, Nottingham, the eldest of eight children of John Atherstone (1791–1855), physician and surgeon, and his first wife, Elizabeth (1781/2–1838), daughter of William Damant of Lamas...

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Auden, John Bicknell (1903–1991), geologist, was born on 14 December 1903 at 54 Bootham, York, the second of three sons of George Augustus Auden (1872–1957), a medical doctor, and his wife, Constance Rosalie, formerly Bicknell (1869–1941). The poet Wystan Hugh Auden (1907–1973) was his younger brother. ...

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Auldjo, John (1805–1886), geologist and alpinist, was born on 26 July 1805 in Montreal, the eldest in the family of two sons and one daughter of Alexander Auldjo (d. 1821), born in Aberdeen but then a partner in Maitland, Gardner, and Auldjo...

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Kenneth Mason

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Austen, Henry Haversham Godwin- (1834–1923), explorer and geologist, was born at Teignmouth on 6 July 1834, the eldest son of Robert Alfred Cloyne Godwin-Austen (1808–1884), geologist, of Shalford House, near Guildford, Surrey, and his wife, Maria Elizabeth (d. 1904), only daughter of ...

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Henry Haversham Godwin- Austen (1834–1923) by Maull & Fox The Royal Geographical Society, London

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G. C. Boase

revised by Yolanda Foote

Austen, Robert Alfred Cloyne Godwin- (1808–1884), geologist, was born at Shalford House, Guildford, Surrey, on 17 March 1808, the eldest son of Sir Henry Edmund Austen (1785–1871), and his first wife, Anne Amelia (d. 1839), only daughter of Robert Spearman Bate of the ...

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Bailey, Sir Edward Battersby (1881–1965), geologist, was born in Marsden, Kent, on 1 July 1881, the third of six sons of James Battersby Bailey, medical practitioner, and his wife, Louise Florence, daughter of Isaac Carr, a Cumberland farmer. Bailey was educated at Kendal grammar school...

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Bakewell, Robert (1767–1843), geologist, was born on 10 March 1767 in Nottingham, the youngest son of Robert Bakewell (1729–1768), a Quaker wool-stapler, and his wife, Mary (1740–1811), daughter of George Mason, farmer and Quaker preacher of Kirkbymoorside, Yorkshire, and later America. He was distantly related to ...

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Barrett, Lucas (1837–1862), geologist and oceanographer, was born on 14 November 1837, the eldest son of George Barrett, a London iron-founder. In 1847 he was sent to Mr P. Ashton's school in Royston, Hertfordshire, where he collected fossils from the local chalk pits as a hobby. Four years later he transferred to ...

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Barrow, George (1853–1932), geologist, was born in London on 11 December 1853. He was the fifth child (and the third son) in the family of eight of John George Barrow (b. 1805/6), a general practitioner at the Royal College of Surgeons, and his wife, ...

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T. K. Rose

revised by Anita McConnell

Bauerman, Hilary (1835–1909), mineralogist and geologist, was born in London on 16 March 1835, the younger son in the family of two sons and one daughter of Hilary John Bauerman (1806/7–1888), merchant, and his wife, Anna Hudina Rosetta (1804/5–1874), daughter of Dr Wychers...

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Beaumont, John (c. 1640–1731), natural philosopher and collector of geological specimens, spent most of his life at Ston Easton, Somerset, where he practised medicine. He befriended the miners working in the nearby Mendip hills, with whom he explored newly discovered caverns and rock formations. Stimulated by ...