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Image

Sir Francis Beaufort (1774–1857) by Stephen Pearce, 1855–6 © National Maritime Museum, London, Greenwich Hospital Collection

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by N. A. M. Rodger

Beaufort, Sir Francis (1774–1857), naval officer and hydrographer, was born on 27 May 1774 at Flower Hill, Navan, co. Meath, the second son of the Revd Daniel Augustus Beaufort (1739–1821), rector of Navan, a topographer and architect of some distinction, and his wife, ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Belcher, Sir Edward (1799–1877), naval officer and hydrographer, was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 27 February 1799, the second son of Andrew Belcher (1763–1841), a merchant in Nova Scotia who moved to England in 1811 and settled at Roehampton, Surrey, and his wife, ...

Article

Cust, Sir Herbert Edward Purey- (1857–1938), naval officer and hydrographer, was born on 26 February 1857, the second son of Arthur Perceval Purey-Cust (1828–1916), dean of York (1880–1916), and his wife, Lady Emma Bligh, younger daughter of the fifth earl of Darnley. He entered the ...

Article

Dunsterville, Edward (1796–1873), naval officer and hydrographer, son of Edward Dunsterville, shipowner, was born at Penryn in Cornwall on 2 December 1796. He entered the navy on 17 July 1812 as a first-class volunteer on board the sloop Brisk, on the north coast of ...

Article

Field, Sir (Arthur) Mostyn (1855–1950), naval officer and hydrographer, was born at Braybrooke, near Market Harborough, on 27 June 1855, the youngest of the three children of Lieutenant (later Captain) John Bousquet Field RN, and his wife, Cecilia, daughter of Thomas Mostyn of the army medical department. He was educated at the ...

Image

Matthew Flinders (1774–1814) by Helena G. de Courcy Jones, 1919 (after unknown artist, 1801?) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew C. F. David

Flinders, Matthew (1774–1814), naval officer and hydrographer, the eldest son of Matthew Flinders (1750–1802) and his first wife, Susannah, née Ward (1752–1783), was born on 16 March 1774 at Donington, near Boston in Lincolnshire, where his father and grandfather had practised as surgeons....

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Foster, Henry (bap. 1796, d. 1831), geophysicist and naval officer, was baptized on 4 September 1796 at Copp Chapel, near Woodplumpton, near Preston, Lancashire, the eldest son of Henry Foster, incumbent of Woodplumpton, and Alice Croft. He had two sisters and one brother. He was educated under a ...

Article

Hurd, Thomas Hannaford (bap. 1747, d. 1823), naval officer and hydrographer, was born in Plymouth and baptized on 30 January 1747 at the town's St Andrew's Church, the son of Edward and Jane Hurd. He joined the navy on 1 September 1768 as an able seaman in the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

King, Phillip Parker (1791–1856), naval officer and hydrographer, born at Government House, Norfolk Island on 13 December 1791, was the third, but only legitimate, son of Captain Philip Gidley King (1758–1808), naval officer and colonial governor. His mother was Captain King's wife, Anna Josepha, ...

Article

Mackenzie [McKenzie], Murdoch, the younger (1743–1829), naval officer and hydrographic surveyor, was born on 28 February 1743, the son of Thomas Mackenzie (fl. 1709–1760), a landowner, of Groundwater, Orkney, and his wife, Elizabeth (née Blaw). Murdoch Mackenzie probably attended Kirkwall grammar school...

Article

Owen, William Fitzwilliam (1774–1857), naval officer and hydrographer, was the second illegitimate son of Captain William Owen RN, of the Glansevern Owens of Montgomeryshire and of Passamaquoddy Bay, New Brunswick. His mother, and that of his brother, was either Sarah Haslam or Jane Johnson...

Image

Sir George Henry Richards (1820–1896) by Stephen Pearce, 1865 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

G. S. Ritchie

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Richards, Sir George Henry (1820–1896), naval officer and hydrographer, was born in Antony, Cornwall, on 13 January 1820, the eldest of three sons and second of four children of Captain George Spencer Richards RN, and his wife, Emma Jane, daughter of Samuel Harvey...

Article

Spratt, Thomas Abel Brimage (1811–1888), naval officer and hydrographer, eldest son of Commander James Spratt (1771–1853) and his wife, Jane, daughter of Thomas Brimage, was born at East Teignmouth in Devon on 11 May 1811. He entered the navy in June 1827, and from 1832 served in surveying vessels in the ...

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Vancouver, George (1757–1798), naval officer and hydrographer, was born in Fincham Street, King's Lynn, Norfolk, on 22 June 1757, the sixth and youngest child of John Jasper Vancouver (d. 1773), deputy collector of customs at King's Lynn, and his wife, Bridget Berners (1715–1768)...

Article

Vidal, Alexander Thomas Emeric (1792–1863), naval officer and hydrographer, was the youngest of the three sons (there was also a daughter) of Emeric Vidal, a naval officer who served as secretary to three distinguished admirals (Sir Robert Kingsmill, Sir John Ross, and ...