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Auerbach, Charlotte [Lotte] (1899–1994), geneticist, was born on 14 May 1899 at Krefeld, Germany, the only child of Friedrich (Fritz) Auerbach (1870–1925), public health chemist in Berlin, and his wife, Selma, née Sachs (d. 1955), daughter of a general practitioner from Jauer...

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Beale, Geoffrey Herbert (1913–2009), geneticist, was born on 11 June 1913 at 52 Wimbledon Park Road, Wandsworth, London, one of four children of Herbert Walter Beale (1874–1958), commercial traveller, and his wife, Elsie, née Beaton (1888–1970). After the family moved to Wallington, Surrey...

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Beddington, Rosa Susan Penelope (1956–2001), developmental biologist, was born on 23 March 1956 at King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, the second daughter of (Julian) Roy Beddington, artist and writer, of Esseborne Manor, Hurstbourne Tarrant, Andover, Hampshire, and his wife, Anna Dorothy, née...

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Biffen, Sir Rowland Harry (1874–1949), geneticist and agricultural botanist, was born on 28 May 1874 at Cheltenham, the eldest of the family of two boys and three girls of Henry John Biffen, headmaster of the Christ Church higher grade school at Cheltenham, and his wife, ...

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Brownlee, John (1868–1927), public health officer, geneticist, and medical statistician, was born at Rutherglen, Lanarkshire, on 21 June 1868, the elder of the two sons of John Brownlee (1826–1899), Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, Mary, née Stevenson (1833–1894). He studied mathematics and natural philosophy at ...

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Casselton [née Smith], Lorna Ann (1938–2014), fungal geneticist, was born on 18 July 1938 at Southend Municipal Hospital, Rochford, Essex, the daughter of William Charles Henry Smith and his wife Cecille, née Bowman. At the time of her birth her parents lived at ...

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Clarke, Bryan Campbell (1932–2014), population geneticist, was born on 24 June 1932 at Nanpantan, Styal Road, Northern Etchells, Manchester, the younger child and only son of Robert Campbell Clarke (1904–1941), bleacher’s representative, later leather agent, and his wife, Gladys Mary, née...

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Crew, Francis Albert Eley [Frank] (1886–1973), animal geneticist, was born on 2 March 1886 at 227 Dudley Port, Tipton, Staffordshire, on the outskirts of Birmingham. His father, Thomas Crew, was a small grocer who later prospered in business. Both his father and his mother, ...

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Darlington, Cyril Dean (1903–1981), cytogeneticist and evolutionist, was born on 19 December 1903 in Chorley, Lancashire, the younger son (there were no daughters) of William Henry Robertson Darlington (1866–1943), a schoolmaster, and his wife, Ellen Frankland (b. 1874). He attended Heathside elementary school...

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Fisher, Sir Ronald Aylmer (1890–1962), statistician and geneticist, was born on 17 February 1890 at his parents' home in East Finchley, Middlesex, the last of seven surviving children born to George Fisher (1843–1920), a dealer in fine arts, and his wife, Katie (1855–1904)...

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Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher (1890–1962) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ford, Charles Edmund (1912–1999), cytogeneticist, was born on 24 October 1912 at Eversleigh, Fairfield Road, Latchford Without, Runcorn, Cheshire, the eldest of the six children of Charles Ford (b. 1884), a commercial clerk, later works manager for the St Helens Cable and Rubber Company...

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Charles Edmund Ford (1912–1999) by Godfrey Argent Godfrey Argent Studios

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Ford, Edmund Brisco (1901–1988), geneticist, was born on 23 April 1901 in Dalton, near Ulverston in Lancashire, the only child of the Revd Harold Dodsworth Ford, curate at Dalton in Furness, and his wife, Gertrude Emma Bennett. His interest in butterflies started as a boy, when he and his father observed each season a colony of the marsh fritillary butterfly in ...

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Gates, Reginald Ruggles (1882–1962), botanist and geneticist, was born on 1 May 1882 near Middleton, Nova Scotia, the eldest son of Andreas Bohaker Gates and his wife, Charlotte Elizabeth Ruggles. The Gates family was descended from Stephen Gates of Higham, Essex, who emigrated to ...

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Reginald Ruggles Gates (1882–1962) by Lafayette, 1929 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Harland, Sydney Cross (1891–1982), agricultural botanist and geneticist, was born on 19 June 1891 at Snainton, near Scarborough, the son of Erasmus Harland and his wife, Eliza. He was educated at the municipal secondary school in Scarborough and at King's College, London, where he graduated in 1912 with honours in geology. He then took a job as a schoolmaster in the Danish colony of ...

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Hunt [née Carroll], Ann Mercy (1938–2014), medical researcher and campaigner, was born on 25 October 1938 at the Victoria Memorial Hospital, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, the daughter of Lawrence William Carroll (1908–1970) and his wife, Elizabeth Ann, née Randall (1911–1990...

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Hutchinson, Sir Joseph Burtt (1902–1988), geneticist and agriculturist, was born on 21 March 1902 in Burton Latimer, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Edmund Hutchinson, who farmed at Cransley Grange, near Kettering, and his wife, Lydia Mary Davy...

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Kettlewell, (Henry) Bernard Davis (1907–1979), ecological geneticist and entomologist, was born on 24 February 1907 in Howden, Yorkshire, the only son of Henry Kettlewell, a merchant, and his wife, Kate Davis. He received his education at Old College, Windermere, and then at Charterhouse School...