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Backhouse family (per. c. 1770–1945), naturalists and horticulturists, came to prominence with James [i] Backhouse (1721–1798), who founded the Backhouse Bank in Darlington, co. Durham, in 1774 with his sons Jonathan (1747–1826) and James [ii] (1757–1804). It was Jonathan Backhouse who initiated the family's connection with horticulture, by following the mid-eighteenth-century fashion for large-scale tree planting on his estates at ...

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Robert Ormston Backhouse 1854–1940 by Vivian Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Backhouse family

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Blaschko, Hugh [formerly Karl Felix Hermann] (1900–1993), biochemist and pharmacologist, was born on 4 January 1900 in Friedrichstrasse, Berlin, the only son and second of the three children of Alfred Blaschko (1858–1922), dermatologist and venereologist, and his wife, Johanna (1873–1943), daughter of ...

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Brady, Henry Bowman (1835–1891), naturalist and pharmacist, was born on 23 February 1835 at Gateshead, the son of Henry Brady (1805–1883), a medical practitioner and amateur naturalist, and his wife, Hannah Bowman (1802–1872) of One Ash Grange, Derbyshire. His older brother, George Stewardson Brady...

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B. D. Jackson

revised by Alexander Goldbloom

Dillwyn, Lewis Weston (1778–1855), naturalist and porcelain manufacturer, was born on 21 August 1778 at St Thomas's Square, Hackney, the son of William Dillwyn (1743?–1824), merchant, of Higham Lodge, Walthamstow, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Lewis Weston of Highall, Essex. He was descended from a Welsh Quaker family who had emigrated to ...

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Doubleday, Henry (1808–1875), naturalist, was born on 1 July 1808 at 62 High Street, Epping, Essex, the elder of the two children of Benjamin Doubleday (1771–1848), grocer and provision merchant, and his wife, Mary (1779–1846). His brother, Edward Doubleday (1810–1849), became a distinguished entomologist. A Quaker by birth, ...

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Henry Doubleday (1808–1875) by Maull & Polyblank, c. 1857 courtesy of the Library Committee of the Religious Society of Friends in Britain

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Fothergill, John (1712–1780), physician and naturalist, was born on 8 March 1712 at Carr End, a moorland farm near Bainbridge, Wensleydale, Yorkshire, the third son of eight children of John Fothergill (1676–1745), Quaker preacher and farmer, and his first wife, Margaret Hough (1677–1719)...

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John Fothergill (1712–1780) by Valentine Green, pubd 1781 (after Gilbert Stuart, 1781) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Hogben, Lancelot Thomas (1895–1975), biologist, was born in Southsea, Hampshire, on 9 December 1895, the eldest of three surviving sons of Thomas Hogben and Margaret Alice Prescott. He had three elder sisters (an elder brother died in infancy). His father was a dry-salter and a Methodist who devoted himself to evangelism. His mother was the daughter of a successful building contractor in ...

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Hutchinson, Sir Joseph Burtt (1902–1988), geneticist and agriculturist, was born on 21 March 1902 in Burton Latimer, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Edmund Hutchinson, who farmed at Cransley Grange, near Kettering, and his wife, Lydia Mary Davy...

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Lister, Gulielma (1860–1949), mycologist and naturalist, was born on 28 October 1860 at Sycamore House, 871 High Road, Leytonstone, Essex, one of seven children and the third of four daughters of Arthur Lister (1830–1908), a London wine merchant and naturalist, and his wife, ...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by Megan A. Stephan

Lister, Thomas (1810–1888), poet and naturalist, was born at Old Mill, Barnsley, Yorkshire, on 11 February 1810, the youngest of the fourteen children of Joseph Lister, a Quaker gardener and small farmer. From 1821 until 1824 he attended Ackworth School, and afterwards was an assistant to his father until 1832, when he began work in a linen warehouse in ...

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Newman, Edward [pseud. Rusticus] (1801–1876), naturalist, was born on 13 May 1801 at Hampstead, Middlesex, the eldest of four sons of Quaker parents, George Newman (1774–1845), a leather manufacturer, and his wife, Ann Prichard, of Godalming, Surrey. Both parents nurtured his love for natural history, and he developed a 'very, very early predilection for butterflies' (...

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Parkinson, Sydney (d. 1771), natural history artist, was born in Edinburgh, one of three children and the younger son of Joel Parkinson, a brewer and leading Quaker of that city, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1700–1771). His birth year is uncertain: 1745, the traditional estimate, is twelve years after his brother's and by then his mother was in her mid-forties, so it appears suspect....

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Sydney Parkinson (d. 1771) by James Newton, pubd 1773 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Salter, John Henry (1862–1942), naturalist and diarist, was born on 5 June 1862 at Westleton, Suffolk, the son of William Henry Salter (d. 1869/70) and his wife Lucy, formerly Appleton. His Quaker parents were shopkeepers. He had one brother, William. His father died when he was seven, and the family then moved to ...