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Crone, Patricia (1945–2015), historian and scholar of Islam, was born in Kyndeløse, Denmark, on 28 March 1945, the daughter of (Frederik) Thomas Georg Lønborg Crone (1912–1971), chief executive of the Scandinavian Tobacco Company, and his wife, Vibeke Scheel, née Richter (...

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Cuninghame [Cunningham], James (fl. 1698–1709), trader and naturalist, was probably born in Scotland. He trained as a surgeon, and in London became familiar with the botanists Samuel Doody, Charles Dubois, and Robert Uvedale. In 1698 he sailed to China as a surgeon in the ...

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Dent, Peter (1628/9–1689), apothecary and naturalist, the son of Peter Dent of Cambridge, was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1649/50. He acquired properties in the parish of St Sepulchre, Cambridge, soon after 1650 and was in practice there by 1657. These properties, which he improved during his tenure, included a small leasehold shop at ...

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B. D. Jackson

revised by Alexander Goldbloom

Dillwyn, Lewis Weston (1778–1855), naturalist and porcelain manufacturer, was born on 21 August 1778 at St Thomas's Square, Hackney, the son of William Dillwyn (1743?–1824), merchant, of Higham Lodge, Walthamstow, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Lewis Weston of Highall, Essex. He was descended from a Welsh Quaker family who had emigrated to ...

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Edward, Thomas (1814–1886), naturalist and shoemaker, was born on 25 December 1814 at Gosport, Hampshire, one of several children of John Edward, Fife militiaman and weaver, and Margaret Mitchell of Aberdeen. His early years were spent at Kettle, Fife, and at Aberdeen. From childhood he was passionately fond of animals, bringing home so many ‘beasties’ that he was frequently flogged and confined to the house. Utterly unmanageable, by the age of six he had been expelled from three schools because of his zoological pursuits and truancy. Abandoning school, he found employment at ...

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Thomas Edward (1814–1886) by Sir George Reid Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Richard Garnett

revised by Giles Hudson

Garnett, Thomas (1799–1878), textile manufacturer and naturalist, was the son of William Garnett, paper manufacturer, and Mary, née Rhodes, and the younger brother of Richard Garnett (1789–1850) and Jeremiah Garnett (1793–1870). The ninth of eleven children, he was born at Otley, Yorkshire, on 18 January 1799. In his early days he supported himself by weaving pieces on his own account, but about 1820 he obtained employment in the cotton-spinning establishment of ...

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Gibson, Samuel (1793–1849), smith and naturalist, was born at Sowerby Bridge, Yorkshire. His father was a whitesmith and Methodist preacher at Butt Green chapel. Gibson attended Sunday school briefly before beginning to work as his father's apprentice. He soon became a skilled whitesmith and mechanic, and in 1814 was employed by a maker of spindles and flies in nearby ...

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Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

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Hardy, Sir William Bate (1864–1934), biologist and food scientist, was born at Erdington, Warwickshire, on 6 April 1864, the only child of William Hardy, of Llangollen, Denbighshire, and his wife, Sarah, eldest daughter of William Bate. As a boy Hardy was sent to sea with the ...

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Peter Duncan Malloch (1852–1921) by unknown photographer © Perth Museum and Art Gallery, Perth and Kinross council; licensor SCRAN

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Malloch, Peter Duncan (1852–1921), fishing tackle maker and naturalist, was born in Almondbank in Methven parish, Perthshire, on 15 July 1852, the second son in the family of at least four sons and one daughter of Joseph Malloch (1820–1890), a beetler (bleach worker) in the bleachfields serving the linen industry for which ...

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Preece, Isaac Arthur (1907–1964), biochemist and brewing scientist, was born on 19 March 1907 at 90 Worcester Street, Birmingham, to Isaac Arthur Preece, a master bassinette maker, and his wife, Isabel Wright. He was educated at Birmingham Central secondary school and at the ...

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Smith, (Robert) Angus (1817–1884), applied chemist and environmental scientist, was born in Pollokshaws, near Glasgow, on 15 February 1817, the seventh son and twelfth child of John Smith (1765–1843), a minor manufacturer of Loudoun, Ayrshire, and Janet (1776–1853), daughter of James Thomson, owner of flax mills. Both families were connected to the prominent ...

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(Robert) Angus Smith (1817–1884) by unknown photographer reproduced courtesy of the Library and Information Centre, Royal Society of Chemistry

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Sowerby, George Brettingham, the first (1788–1854), conchologist and natural history dealer, was born at Lambeth, London, on 12 May 1788, the second son among the nine children of James Sowerby (1757–1822), botanical artist and natural history periodical publisher, and his wife, Anne de Carle (1764–1815)...

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Stevens family (per. c. 1830–1925), natural history auctioneers, whose name was synonymous with natural history and curiosity auctions for over a century, became involved in this business when John Crace Stevens became a partner in a long-established Covent Garden auction house. The company had been founded about 1759 by ...

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Henry Stevens 1843–1925 self-portrait, 1903 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stewart, James Hope (1789–1856), factor and natural history illustrator, was born at Hillside, Dryfesdale, Dumfriesshire, on 2 August 1789, the son of William Stewart of Hillhead (1743/4–1822) and Margaret Graham (c.1767/8–1853), daughter of George Graham of Shaw. About 1816 Stewart married ...