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Beaufoy, Mark (1764–1827), astronomer and physicist, was born in the house attached to his father's vinegar brewery at Cuper's Bridge, Lambeth, Surrey, on 4 March 1764, the third and youngest son of Mark Beaufoy (1718–1782), and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1720–1772). Mark Beaufoy sen....

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Elizabeth Brown (1830–1899) by F. Mortimer Savory © Royal Astronomical Society Library

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Brown, Elizabeth (1830–1899), astronomer and meteorologist, was born on 6 August 1830 at Further Barton, Hampton Road, Cirencester, Gloucestershire, the elder of the two daughters of Thomas Crowther Brown (1792–1883), a wine merchant and amateur meteorologist, and his wife, Jemimah. The family was comfortably off and ...

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Dixon, Jeremiah (1733–1779), surveyor and astronomer, was born in Bishop Auckland, co. Durham, on 27 July 1733, the fifth of the seven children of George Dixon, a well-to-do Quaker coalmine owner, and his wife, Mary Hunter of Newcastle. He was educated at John Kipling's school...

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Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley (1882–1944), theoretical physicist and astrophysicist, was born on 28 December 1882 in Kendal, Westmorland, the second child of Arthur Henry Eddington (d. 1884) and his wife, Sarah Ann Shout of Darlington, whose family was of Dutch origin. Both came from traditional Quaker families. His father, a ...

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Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (1882–1944) by Elliott & Fry, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London