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Adamson, Daniel (1820–1890), engineer and entrepreneur, was born on 30 April 1820 at Shildon, co. Durham. He was the thirteenth of fifteen children, seven sons and eight daughters, born to Daniel Adamson, landlord of the Grey Horse at Shildon, and his wife, Ann...

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Appold, John George (1800–1865), fur dyer and engineer, was born on 14 April 1800 at 23 Wilson Street, Finsbury Square, London, the third of seven children of Christian Appold, (1758/9–1834), fur dyer, and his first wife Hannah née Titford (1771/2–1810...

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William Beardmore, Baron Invernairn (1856–1936) by Elliott & Fry courtesy of Glasgow University Archive Services

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Beardmore, William, Baron Invernairn (1856–1936), engineer and shipbuilder, was born on 16 October 1856 at Deptford, the eldest son of William Beardmore and his wife, Sophia Louisa Halkman. His father was assistant manager of the Deptford works of the General Steam Navigation Company...

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Sir Thomas Bell (1865–1952) by unknown photographer reproduced with permission of Archives and Special Collections Department, Glasgow City Libraries, Information and Learning

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J. Brown

revised by Anthony Slaven

Bell, Sir Thomas (1865–1952), engineer and shipbuilder, was born on 21 December 1865 at Sirsawa in India, the son of Imrie Bell, a consultant engineer specializing in the design of lighthouses, and his wife, Jane Walker of Edinburgh. His early education was undertaken at the ...

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Braithwaite, John, the elder (bap. 1760, d. 1818), engineer and diver, was baptized at St Albans Abbey, Hertfordshire, on 20 July 1760, the second son of five children of William Braithwaite (bap. 1732, d. 1800), whitesmith and engine maker, and Mary Crowther (...

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G. C. Boase

revised by Christopher F. Lindsey

Braithwaite, John, the younger (1797–1870), engineer, was born on 19 March 1797 at 1 Bath Place, New Road, Euston, London, the third of the seven sons of John Braithwaite, the elder (bap. 1760, d. 1818), engineer and diver, and his wife, Eliza or Elizabeth Doile (...

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Bramah [Bramma], Joseph (1749–1814), engineer and inventor of locks, was born on 2 April 1749 at Stainborough Lane Farm, near Barnsley, Yorkshire; he was the second son in the family of three sons and two daughters of Joseph Bramma (1713–1800), a farmer, and his wife, ...

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Browne, Sir Benjamin Chapman (1839–1917), engineer and shipbuilder, was born on 26 August 1839 at Stouts Hill, Uley, Gloucestershire, the youngest of the three sons of Colonel Benjamin Chapman Browne (d. c.1853) of the 9th lancers and later of the Gloucestershire yeomanry...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by James Lunt

By, John (1779–1836), army officer and engineer, was born in 1779, probably on 7 August, in Lambeth, second son of George By and his wife, Mary, née Bryan. After passing through the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, he was commissioned second lieutenant in the ...

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Carden, Sir John Valentine, sixth baronet (1892–1935), engineer, was born at 23 Cadogan Place, London, on 6 February 1892, the elder child and only son of Sir John Craven Carden, fifth baronet (1854–1931), and his wife, Sybil Martha (1868–1911), the younger daughter of ...

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Christopherson, Sir Derman Guy (1915–2000), engineer and university administrator, was born on 6 September 1915 in Plumstead, south-east London, the only son of the Revd Derman Christopherson (1875–c.1943), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Edith Frances, née Leighton (c...

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George Thomas Clark (1809–1898) by Arthur Pendarves Vivian, 1854 by courtesy of the National Library of Wales

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Clark, George Thomas (1809–1898), engineer and antiquary, was born in Chelsea, London, on 26 May 1809, the eldest son of the Revd George Clark (1777–1848), chaplain to the Royal Military Asylum, Chelsea, and Clara, daughter of Thomas Dicey of Claybrook Hall, Leicestershire. He was educated at ...

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Colepeper, Thomas (1637–1708), soldier and engineer, was born on Christmas day 1637 in Kent, possibly in either Dover or Hackington, the son of Sir Thomas Colepeper (1598–1643), governor of Dover Castle, and his wife, Barbara (1599–1643), daughter of Robert Sidney, first earl of Leicester...

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Day, Daniel (1683–1767), engineer and founder of Fairlop fair, Essex, was born in Southwark, Surrey, where his father was a prosperous brewer. Day never married, and resided all his working life in Wapping, then on the eastern margin of London, where he pursued his trade as an engine, pump, and block maker. He was known as an upright and ingenious mechanic, and was responsible for many improvements and inventions. His modification to the brewers' jigger—a pump used to force beer into vats—was in use for many years. His business prospered and he became sufficiently wealthy to enjoy the pleasures of generosity, endowing his nieces at their marriages, and lending or giving to those in need. Such was his reputation for probity that he was regularly called on to settle local disputes....

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John Theophilus Desaguliers (1683–1744) by Peter Pelham, 1725 (after Hans Hysing) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Desaguliers, John Theophilus (1683–1744), natural philosopher and engineer, was born on 12 March 1683 at La Rochelle, France, the only surviving child of Jean Desaguliers (1644–1699), minister and schoolmaster, and Marguerite Thomas la Chapelle (c.1640–1722). His parents were French Huguenots who emigrated separately; ...

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Richard Lovell Edgeworth (1744–1817) by Horace Hone, 1785 © National Portrait Gallery, London