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Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer, Gottlieb Bader, and his wife, Barbara Meier. He was expelled from school at the age of twelve and went to work as a menial in a ...

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Edward Allen Brotherton, Baron Brotherton (1856–1930) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brotherton, Edward Allen, Baron Brotherton (1856–1930), chemical manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 1 April 1856 at 2 Tiverton Place, Ardwick Green, Manchester, the eldest of three children of Theophilus Brotherton, a yarn agent, and his wife, Sarah, née O'Donnell. His relatives included the educational reformer ...

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Leonard Horner (1785–1864) by unknown artist Heriot-Watt University Archive

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Thom, Robert, of Ascog (1774–1847), civil engineer and industrialist, was born in the parish of Tarbolton, Ayrshire, in January 1774, the elder son of John Thom, tenant farmer. His mother's identity remains elusive because her name was not recorded in Thom's baptismal entry in the ...

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White, John Campbell, Baron Overtoun (1843–1908), philanthropist and chemical manufacturer, was born at Hayfield, near Rutherglen, on 21 November 1843, the middle child of seven and only son of James White (1812–1884) and his wife, Fanny Campbell (d. 1891). James White had trained as a lawyer before entering the family firm of ...