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Alfonsi, Petrus (fl. 1106–1126), scholar and translator of scientific works, was born in northern Spain, to Jewish parents. He was baptized a Christian on 29 June 1106 in Huesca, Aragon, with the names of the apostle on whose feast day the baptism took place and of his godfather, ...

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Bohm, David Joseph (1917–1992), physicist and philosopher, was born on 20 December 1917 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, USA, the son of Samuel Bohm, proprietor of a furniture store, and his wife, Freda. Both parents were immigrants from Europe, his father being born in the ...

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Bronowski, Jacob (1908–1974), mathematician, poet, and humanist, was born on 18 January 1908 in Łódź, Poland, the first of the three children of Abram Bronowski, haberdasher, and his wife, Celia Flatto. During the First World War the family lived in Germany, and in 1920 they moved to ...

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Jacob Bronowski (1908–1974) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gimpel, Jean Victor (1918–1996), cultural historian and historian of medieval technology, was born in Paris on 10 October 1918. Of Jewish descent, he was the third son of René Gimpel (d. 1944), a leading art dealer and friend of Renoir and Proust...

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Praagh, Gordon Van (1909–2003), chemist and educationist, was born on 13 March 1909, at 3 Honeybourne Road, Hampstead, London, the eldest son of Harold John Van Praagh (1877–1946), a medical practitioner, and his Scottish wife, Ethel Louise, née Shanks. On his father's side he was of Dutch-Jewish descent; his grandfather ...

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Pyke, Geoffrey Nathaniel Joseph (1893–1948), educationist and inventor, was born at 19 Phillimore Gardens, Kensington, London, on 10 December 1893, the eldest son of Lionel Edward Pyke QC (1854–1899), a barrister at the Admiralty bar who stood unsuccessfully as a Gladstonian Liberal parliamentary candidate for ...

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Samuel [Samuels], Moses (1795–1860), watchmaker and Hebrew scholar, was born in London, the youngest of three sons of Emanuel Menachem Samuel (c.1755–c.1800) and Hanna (Hinde). Emanuel Samuel, who bore the Hebrew title 'the learned', had left his birthplace, Kempen...

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Joseph Sidney Weiner (1915–1982) by unknown photographer, early 1970s Institute of Biological Anthropology

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Weiner, Joseph Sidney (1915–1982), human biologist and environmental physiologist, was born on 29 June 1915 at Nourse Mines in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa, the second of the seven children of Robert Weiner (1885–1966), general dealer, and his wife Fanny (Chana), née Simon (1896–1978)...

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Zepler, Eric Ernest [formerly Erich Ernst] (1898–1980), electrical engineer and university teacher, was born on 27 January 1898 in Herford, Westphalia, Germany, the younger son of Martin Zepler (1862–1939), a country doctor, and his wife, Flora Guttfreund (1866–1943). His Jewish parents converted to Christianity in 1902, and he was baptized in the ...