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Brühl, John Maurice [Hans Moritz], Count von Brühl (1736–1809), diplomatist and patron of science, was born on 20 December 1736 at Wiederau, north-west of Dresden, the son of Friedrich Wilhelm, Count von Brühl (1699–1760), of Martinskirche, in Saxony. His younger brother Heinrich was the well-known ...

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Featherstonehaugh, George William (1780–1866), geologist and diplomatist, was born on 9 April 1780 in London, the second child and only son of George Featherstonehaugh (1744–1780), a lead merchant of Southwark, descended from a formerly wealthy Northumberland family, and his wife, Dorothy Simpson (1751–1847)...

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Hance, Henry Fletcher (1827–1886), diplomatist and botanist, was born on 4 August 1827 at Gloucester Terrace, Old Brompton, London. His early childhood was spent mainly with his maternal grandfather, Colonel Fletcher RN, at Plymouth, but he was educated in London and on the continent, mainly in ...

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King, Alexander [Alex] (1909–2007), chemist, international civil servant, and environmentalist, was born on 26 January 1909 at 5 Battlefield Avenue, Langside, Glasgow, the eldest child of James Mitchell King, a cashier in the Nobel Explosives Company, later a director of ICI, and his wife, ...

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Sir Samuel Morland, first baronet (1625–1695) by Pierre Lombart, pubd 1658 (after Sir Peter Lely) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Morland, Sir Samuel, first baronet (1625–1695), natural philosopher and diplomat, was born in Sulhampstead-Banister, Berkshire, the son of the Revd Thomas Morland (b. 1574/5), the rector, who came from Westmorland; he had two brothers, Thomas and Martin. From 1638 he was educated at ...

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Strange, John (1732–1799), natural philosopher and diplomat, was born in Barnet, Middlesex, and baptized at St Andrew's, Holborn, on 10 March 1732, the second son of Sir John Strange (bap. 1696, d. 1754), master of the rolls, and his wife, Susan Strong (1700/01–1747)...

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Swinhoe, Robert (1836–1877), diplomatist and naturalist, was born on 1 September 1836 in Calcutta. His family had served British interests in India for several generations; his father, Robert, was a lawyer in Calcutta. The Swinhoe family (variously spelt Swinho, Swinhow, Swindhoe or even ...