1-2 of 2 results  for:

  • patrons, collectors, and dealers x
  • Education and scholarship x
  • philanthropy, charity, and aid x
  • Art and architecture x
  • Science and technology x
Clear all


James Lewis Smithson (1764–1829) by Henri-Joseph Johns, 1816 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution


Smithson [formerly Macie], James Lewis (1764–1829), mineralogist and benefactor, was born Jacques Louis Macie in Paris in early 1764, the illegitimate son of a long-term liaison between Hugh Percy (formerly Smithson), second earl and later first duke of Northumberland (bap. 1712, d. 1786)...