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Patrick Bell (1799–1869) by unknown engraver, pubd 1868 (after E. Strachan) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

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Headrick, James (bap. 1759, d. 1841), Church of Scotland minister, agronomist, and geologist, was baptized in the Stirlingshire parish of Logie on 25 March 1759, second of eight children of John Headrick (b. c.1730), farmer, and Isabel, née Neilson (b...

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Scott, John (1836–1880), botanist and gardener, was born on 5 April 1836 at Denholm, Roxburghshire, Scotland, the son of Robert Scott, a tenant farmer, and his wife, Helen Turnbull. He had one elder sister. At the age of four Scott became an orphan and was brought up by an aunt and educated at the parish school. During this time he developed an interest in botany, a passion which was encouraged by his cousin, the ...

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Smith, James, of Deanston (1789–1850), textile industrialist and agricultural engineer, was born in Glasgow on 3 January 1789, the son of a Glasgow merchant of a Galloway family, who died two months after his birth. He was brought up by his maternal uncle, ...