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Anne (1665–1714), queen of Great Britain and Ireland, was born at St James's Palace, Westminster, on 6 February 1665. She was the fourth child and second daughter of James, duke of York (1633–1701) [see James II and VII], subsequently king of England, Scotland, and Ireland...

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Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in Dunfermline Castle, Scotland, on 19 November 1600 and baptized at the palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, on 23 December. He was the third child of James VI of Scotland (subsequently James I...

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Charles II (1630–1685), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born on 29 May 1630 at St James's Palace, London, where he was baptized on 27 June, the second (but first surviving) son of Charles I (1600–1649) and Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), the daughter of ...

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Charles II (1630–1685) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1685 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)

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Charles I (1600–1649) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1635 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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James II and VII (1633–1701), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in St James's Palace, London, on 14 October 1633, the third surviving child and third (but second surviving) son of Charles I (1600–1649) and his French queen, Henrietta Maria (1609–1669)...

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James II and VII (1633–1701) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1684 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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James VI and I (1566–1625) by Daniel Mytens, 1621 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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James VI and I (1566–1625), king of Scotland, England, and Ireland, was born at Edinburgh Castle on 19 June 1566, the only son of Mary, queen of Scots (1542–1587), and her second husband, Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley (1545/6–1567).

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Mary II (1662–1694), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born on 30 April 1662 in St James's Palace. She was the eldest child of James, duke of York, the future James II (1633–1701), and his first wife, Anne Hyde [see Anne (1637–1671)...

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Mary II (1662–1694) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1690 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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William III and II (1650–1702), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and prince of Orange, was born in the Binnenhof Palace in The Hague on 14 November 1650 ns. He was the posthumous and only child of William II, prince of Orange (1626–1650)...

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William III and II (1650–1702) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1690 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II