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Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1660 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II, was born on 12 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor Park, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hyde (1609–1674), created earl of Clarendon in 1661, and Frances, daughter of ...

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See Howard, Thomas, third duke of Norfolk

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Arthur, prince of Wales (1486–1502) by unknown artist, c. 1500 © Philip Mould, Historical Portraits Ltd

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Arthur, prince of Wales (1486–1502), was born at St Swithun's Priory, Winchester, on 19 September 1486, the eldest son of Henry VII (1457–1509) and his wife, Elizabeth of York (1466–1503), the eldest daughter of Edward IV, whom Henry had married on 18 January 1486, in fulfilment of an oath made at Christmas 1483. ...

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Beauclerk, Charles, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), army officer, the illegitimate son of Charles II and Nell Gwyn, was born at his mother's house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, on 8 May 1670. It is said that one day when the king was with ...

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Beaufort, Edmund, styled third duke of Somerset (c. 1438–1471), magnate, was the second of the three sons of Edmund Beaufort, first duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick (1382–1439), and widow of Thomas, Baron Ros of Helmsley...

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Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier, was the younger brother of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444); John and Edmund were the second and third sons of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), who was the eldest son of ...

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Henry Beaufort (1375?–1447) stone effigy © English Heritage. NMR

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Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...

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Beaufort, Henry, second duke of Somerset (1436–1464), magnate, was born early in 1436, the eldest son of Edmund Beaufort, first duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick (d. 1439), and widow of Thomas, Baron Ros...

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Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate, was the youngest of the four children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and his mistress, Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster].

The dates of birth of all four children are uncertain, though there may be some significance in the pattern of gifts from ...

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Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier, was the second son of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (d. 1410), and Margaret Holland, daughter of Thomas Holland, earl of Kent. He succeeded to the earldom of Somerset on the death of his elder brother, ...

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Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator, was the first offspring of the liaison between John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. He became a staunch supporter of ...

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Margaret Beaufort, countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509) by Pietro Torrigiano, 1513 [tomb effigy] © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Beaufort, Margaret [known as Lady Margaret Beaufort], countess of Richmond and Derby (1443–1509), royal matriarch, was born on 31 May 1443, the daughter and heir of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), from his marriage to Margaret (d. 1482), widow of ...

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Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...

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See John [John of Gaunt], duke of Aquitaine and duke of Lancaster, styled king of Castile and León

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Blount [married names Tailboys, Fiennes de Clinton], Elizabeth (c. 1500–1539x41), royal mistress, was the second daughter of John Blount of Kinlet (1484–1531) and his wife, Katherine (1483–1540), heir of Sir Hugh Peshall of Knightley and his wife, Isabel Stanley of Elford...

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Cecily, Viscountess Welles (1469–1507), princess, was the third daughter of Edward IV (1442–1483) and Elizabeth, née Woodville (c. 1437–1492). Born on 20 March 1469, she was presumably named after her paternal grandmother. In 1473 a marriage alliance between England and Scotland, by which ...