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Bambatha ka Mancinza (1865/6–1906), chief and rebel in Natal, was born in 1865 or 1866 in the Umvoti division of the British colony of Natal. He was the son of the chief Mancinza (also called Sobhuza) ka Jangeni (d. 1883) and a daughter of the Chunu chief ...

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Khama the Great (c. 1835–1923) by Elliott & Fry, pubd 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Khama the Great (c. 1835–1923), chief of the Ngwato, was born at Mashu in Ngwato country, in what later became Botswana. Son and heir of Sekogma I (c.1795–1883), Khama grew up in years of relative peace. In his early twenties, to his father's annoyance, he fell under the influence of an itinerant evangelist and in May 1860 was baptized a Christian. ...

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Mapondera, Kadungure (1840s–1904), warrior chief in Africa, was born at Nyota, a mountain stronghold of the Negomo dynasty, in what is now northern Mashonaland, Zimbabwe. Mapondera's mother, Mwera, was a mhondwa, a slave wife, but there is no agreement as to who his father was. Some accounts favour ...

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Sandile (c. 1820–1878), chief of the Ngqika Xhosa, son of Chief Ngqika and his great wife, Sutu, was born in independent Xhosa near the later Fort Beaufort in South Africa. He was installed as chief in 1842 and led the Ngqika Xhosa until his death in battle in 1878. In accordance with Xhosa custom he had several wives and many children. His great wife was ...