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Abernethy family (per. c. 1260–c. 1465), landowners, is of obscure origins, but was certainly a native Scottish family rather than of Norman descent. Orm of Abernethy was a grandson of Gillemichael, earl of Fife in the early twelfth century, and in the 1170s he received confirmation from ...

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See Abernethy family

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See Abernethy family

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William Aislabie (1699/17001700–1781) by Jonathan Richardson The Burghley House Collection

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Aislabie, William (1699/1700–1781), landscape designer and landowner, was probably born at Studley Royal in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the son of John Aislabie (1670–1742), politician, and his first wife, Anne (d. 1700), daughter of Sir William Rawlinson of Hendon, Middlesex. Details of his education are unknown, beyond that he went on a grand tour in 1720. In 1721 he was returned as an MP for ...

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Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America, was born on 5 August 1704 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to William Allen (d. c.1725), merchant, and his wife, known only by her maiden name, Budd. They were Presbyterians from Dungannon, Tyrone, to whom ...

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Richard Arkwright (1755–1843) by Ramsay Richard Reinagle, 1813 Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Ashton, Sir John (c. 1354–c. 1398), soldier and landowner, was the son and heir of Sir John Ashton (d. c.1360) of Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, and of Margaret, a daughter of Robert del Leigh of Adlington, Cheshire. His mother's second marriage, to ...

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J. E. Bailey

revised by Joanna Moody

Assheton, Nicholas (1590–1625), landowner, was the second son of Richard Assheton of Downham, near Clitheroe, Lancashire, and Margaret Hilton. He belonged to a branch of the Assheton family of Middleton, in the same county. He was probably educated at Clitheroe grammar school; he married ...

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William Waldorf Astor, first Viscount Astor (1848–1919) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1898 Cliveden, The Astor Collection (The National Trust) NTPL / John Bethell

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Astor, William Waldorf, first Viscount Astor (1848–1919), property owner and newspaper proprietor, was born on 31 March 1848 in New York, the only child of John Jacob Astor (1822–1890), manager of the family estate, and his wife, Charlotte Augusta Gibbes (1825–1887). He was educated privately and at ...

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Aucher, Sir Anthony (d. 1558), administrator and landowner, was the only surviving son and heir of James Aucher (d. 1509), gentleman, of Otterden, Kent, and his wife, Alice Hill. The father, a son and heir of John and Margaret Aucher, was the successful head of a minor gentry family who bequeathed much of his estate to the church. In his will of 1 January 1509 he entrusted his son to ...

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Bacon, Sir Edmund Castell, thirteenth baronet and fourteenth baronet (1903–1982), landowner, was born on 18 March 1903 at 18 Cadogan Square, London, the only son and fifth of six children of Sir Nicholas Henry Bacon, twelfth and thirteenth baronet (1857–1947), of Raveningham Hall, Norfolk...

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See Bacon, Sir Nathaniel

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George Baillie of Jerviswood (1664–1738) by William Aikman, 1717 in a private Scottish collection

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Ballon [Baalun], Sir Roger de (d. 1225), landowner, was probably connected to the minor Herefordshire baronial family of Ballon, but the exact nature of the relationship is obscure. He appears to have been a minor landowner in Hampshire; if, as seems likely, he was related to the ...

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Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

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Bardolf, Thomas, fifth Baron Bardolf (1369–1408), landowner and rebel, was born at Birling, Kent, on 22 December 1369, the son of William, fourth Baron Bardolf (1349–1386), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1403), the daughter of Michael Poynings, first Lord Poynings (c. 1318–1369)...