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Adderley, Humphrey (1512–1598), courtier, was born at Blake Hall, the family home, near Cheadle, Staffordshire, the fourth of seven children of Thomas Adderley (c.1480–1538), gentleman and landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of John and Elizabeth Thirkill of Smallwood, Cheshire. The ...

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Adeane, Michael Edward, Baron Adeane (1910–1984), courtier, was born on 30 September 1910 in London, the only son of Captain Henry Robert Augustus Adeane of the Coldstream Guards, who was killed in action in 1914, and his wife, Victoria Eugenie (d. 1969)...

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Michael Edward Adeane, Baron Adeane (1910–1984) by Godfrey Argent, 1969 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Archer, Thomas (1668/9–1743), architect and courtier, was born at Umberslade Hall, Tanworth in Arden, Warwickshire, the youngest son of Thomas Archer (1617/18–1685), and his wife, Anne (1632/3–1685). His father was a country gentleman who had held a colonelcy in the parliamentary army and at the Restoration became MP for the county; his grandfather ...

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Armorer, Sir Nicholas (c. 1620–1686), royalist army officer, conspirator, and courtier, was born at Belford, Northumberland, a younger son of Thomas Armorer (d. 1642), of Belford, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert Clavering of Callaly in the same county. Like his brother ...

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Arundell, Mary [married namesMary Radcliffe, countess of Sussex; Mary Fitzalan, countess of Arundel] (d. 1557), courtier, was the only child of Sir John Arundell (c.1474–1545), of Lanherne in Cornwall, and his second wife, Katherine Grenvile (b. 1489×93), the youngest of eight children of ...

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Ashburnham, John (1602/3–1671), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of Sir John Ashburnham (1570/71–1620) and Elizabeth (1577–1651), daughter of Sir Thomas Beaumont. William Ashburnham, army officer and politician, was his younger brother. He was educated at Gray's Inn and Peterhouse, Cambridge. His father died in 1620, having wasted his estate and leaving his family in penury. But within two years his heir had so far repaired their broken fortune, that (says the epitaph in ...

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Ashmore, Sir Peter William Beckwith (1921–2002), naval officer and courtier, was born on 4 February 1921 at 5 Coombe Villas, Saltash, Cornwall, the younger son (there were no daughters) of Lieutenant (later Vice-Admiral) Leslie Haliburton Ashmore (1893–1974), naval officer, and his wife, Tamara, ...

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Sir Peter William Beckwith Ashmore (1921–2002) by Godfrey Argent, 1968 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

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Astley, John (c. 1507–1596), courtier, was the eldest son of Thomas Astley (d. in or after 1514), landowner, of Hill Morton and Melton Constable, Norfolk, and his second wife, Anne (d. in or after 1508), daughter and coheir of John Wood...

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Maker: unknown Netherlandish artist

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John Astley (c. 1507–1596) by unknown Netherlandish artist, 1555 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Astley [née Champernowne], Katherine (d. 1565), courtier, was the daughter of Sir Philip Champernowne (d. 1545), landowner, of Modbury, Devon, and his wife, Katherine, daughter of Sir Edmund Carew of Mohun's Ottery, Devon, and his wife, Katherine. She was related by marriage to all the leading gentry families of the west country. Nothing is known of her early life, although her distinctive, if old-fashioned, hand, her lifelong association with the reformed religion, and her key role in the education of ...

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Ayscough, Francis (1701–1763), courtier and Church of England clergyman, was born in Surrey on 19 December 1701 and baptized on 25 December in St Olave's, Southwark, the second son of Gabriel Ayscough (bap. 1668) and his wife, Mary. He was educated at ...

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Sir Robert Ayton (1570–1638) by Francesco Fanelli © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Ayton, Sir Robert (1570–1638), poet and courtier, was born at the castle of Kinaldie, near St Andrews, Fife, the second of four sons, to Andrew Ayton (d. 1589), landowner, and his wife, Mariona London or Lundie, daughter of the laird of Balgonie...

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Baring, Rowland Thomas, second earl of Cromer (1877–1953), courtier, was born on 29 November 1877 at Cairo. He was the elder son of Evelyn Baring, later first earl of Cromer (1841–1917), diplomat, and his first wife, Ethel Stanley (d. 1898), second daughter of ...

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Basset, Thomas (d. 1220), soldier and courtier, was a younger son of Thomas Basset (d. c. 1182) of Headington and Adeliza Basset [see under Dunstanville, de, family], daughter of Walter de Dunstanville, lord of Castle Combe in Wiltshire. First recorded before ...

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Bassett, James (c. 1526–1558), courtier, was described as being about twenty-four in January 1551. He was the third son of Sir John Bassett (1462–1528), landowner, of Umberleigh in Devon, and his second wife, Honor Grenville (1493×5–1566), daughter of Sir Thomas Grenville of Stowe, Cornwall...

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