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Peter d' Aigueblanche (d. 1268) tomb effigy by permission of the Dean and Chapter of Hereford Cathedral

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Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca] (d. 1268), bishop of Hereford and royal councillor, was descended from the family of Briançon, holders of the lordship of Aigueblanche (Savoie) in the Tarentaise or valley of the upper Isère, dependants of the counts of Savoy...

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See Stewart family

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Alcuin [Albinus, Flaccus] (c. 740–804), abbot of St Martin's, Tours, and royal adviser, was a major figure in the revival of learning and letters under the Frankish king and emperor, Charlemagne (r. 768–814).

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Alcuin (c. 740–804) medallion drawing © reserved

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Aubigny, Philip d' [Philip Daubeney] (d. 1236), knight and royal councillor, was a member of a junior branch of the family of d'Aubigny, native to St Aubin-d'Aubigné (Ille-et-Vilaine), north of Rennes in Brittany, whose senior branch had acquired the English honour of Belvoir...

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Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor, was presumably a native of Barking in Essex. His mother, Lucy, was commemorated by an obit celebration at Westminster, and can probably be identified as Lucy, widow of Richard of Barking, who gave the abbey land at ...

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See Barlow [Finch], William

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Basset, Thomas (d. 1220), soldier and courtier, was a younger son of Thomas Basset (d. c. 1182) of Headington and Adeliza Basset [see under Dunstanville, de, family], daughter of Walter de Dunstanville, lord of Castle Combe in Wiltshire. First recorded before ...

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Bassett, James (c. 1526–1558), courtier, was described as being about twenty-four in January 1551. He was the third son of Sir John Bassett (1462–1528), landowner, of Umberleigh in Devon, and his second wife, Honor Grenville (1493×5–1566), daughter of Sir Thomas Grenville of Stowe, Cornwall...

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Beaumont, John, first Viscount Beaumont (1409?–1460), magnate and courtier, was the elder son and heir of Henry, fifth Baron Beaumont of Folkingham, Lincolnshire (1379/80–1413) and Elizabeth (d. 1427), daughter of William, fifth Baron Willoughby of Eresby. He was one of the most powerful lords in ...

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Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor, is first recorded at the event that shaped his life, as an eyewitness to the murder of Thomas Becket in his cathedral church at Canterbury on 29 December 1170. A monk of ...

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Bigod, Roger, fourth earl of Norfolk (c. 1212–1270), magnate and courtier, was the eldest son of Hugh (II) Bigod, earl of Norfolk, and his wife, Matilda Marshal (d. 1248). Hugh (III) Bigod was his brother. Roger was a minor when his father died in 1225; his wardship went first to ...

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John Blanke (fl. 1507–1512) by unknown artist, 1511 [detail from the Westminster Tournament Roll] College of Arms, Westminster Tournament Roll. Reproduced by permission of the Kings, Heralds and Pursuivants of Arms.

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Blanke, John (fl. 1507–1512), royal trumpeter, was employed as a musician at the courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII, making his first recorded appearance there in 1507. He is thought to have been of African descent, but his age, place of birth, and parentage are unknown. His surname may have originated as a nickname, derived from the word ...

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Blount, William, fourth Baron Mountjoy (c. 1478–1534), courtier and literary patron, was born in the parish of Barton Blount, Derbyshire. His father, John Blount, third Baron Mountjoy [see under Blount, Walter, first Baron Mountjoy], died in 1485 and William succeeded to the title as a minor. His uncle ...

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Bohun, Humphrey de (b. before 1144, d. 1181), constable to Henry II, was the son and heir of Humphrey (II) de Bohun [see below] and his wife, Margaret de Bohun (c. 1121–1196/7), the eldest child of Miles of Gloucester, earl of Hereford...

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See Bohun, Humphrey de

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Bolton, William (d. 1532), prior of St Bartholomew's, West Smithfield, London, and royal administrator, was of unknown parentage. A canon of the Augustinian order, his talents permitted him to rise to a degree of prominence. Between 1501 and 1503 he attended the Augustinian foundation of ...

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Borthwick family (per. c. 1400–c. 1515), landowners and administrators, provided some significant servants to the Scottish crown, especially in the second half of the fifteenth century. There are problems in constructing this family's genealogy, as between c.1370 and 1544 all the heads of the family bore the Christian name ...