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Adderley, Humphrey (1512–1598), courtier, was born at Blake Hall, the family home, near Cheadle, Staffordshire, the fourth of seven children of Thomas Adderley (c.1480–1538), gentleman and landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of John and Elizabeth Thirkill of Smallwood, Cheshire. The ...

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Adeane, Michael Edward, Baron Adeane (1910–1984), courtier, was born on 30 September 1910 in London, the only son of Captain Henry Robert Augustus Adeane of the Coldstream Guards, who was killed in action in 1914, and his wife, Victoria Eugenie (d. 1969)...

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Michael Edward Adeane, Baron Adeane (1910–1984) by Godfrey Argent, 1969 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Archer, Thomas (1668/9–1743), architect and courtier, was born at Umberslade Hall, Tanworth in Arden, Warwickshire, the youngest son of Thomas Archer (1617/18–1685), and his wife, Anne (1632/3–1685). His father was a country gentleman who had held a colonelcy in the parliamentary army and at the Restoration became MP for the county; his grandfather ...

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Armorer, Sir Nicholas (c. 1620–1686), royalist army officer, conspirator, and courtier, was born at Belford, Northumberland, a younger son of Thomas Armorer (d. 1642), of Belford, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert Clavering of Callaly in the same county. Like his brother ...

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Armytage, Percy (1853–1934), master of ceremonies, was born on 8 March 1853, at Huntroyde, Lancashire, the first son of Henry Armytage (1828–1901), colonel in the Coldstream Guards, and the Hon. Fenella Fitzhardinge Berkeley (1832–1903), daughter of Maurice Berkeley, first Baron Fitzhardinge. He was educated at private schools, at ...

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Ascham, Roger (1514/15–1568), author and royal tutor, was born at Kirby Wiske, near Northallerton in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the third of the four sons of John Ascham (d. 1544), steward to Henry, seventh Lord Scrope of Bolton, and his wife, ...

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Ashburnham, John (1602/3–1671), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of Sir John Ashburnham (1570/71–1620) and Elizabeth (1577–1651), daughter of Sir Thomas Beaumont. William Ashburnham, army officer and politician, was his younger brother. He was educated at Gray's Inn and Peterhouse, Cambridge. His father died in 1620, having wasted his estate and leaving his family in penury. But within two years his heir had so far repaired their broken fortune, that (says the epitaph in ...

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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

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Astley, John (c. 1507–1596), courtier, was the eldest son of Thomas Astley (d. in or after 1514), landowner, of Hill Morton and Melton Constable, Norfolk, and his second wife, Anne (d. in or after 1508), daughter and coheir of John Wood...

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Maker unknown Netherlandish artist

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John Astley (c. 1507–1596) by unknown Netherlandish artist, 1555 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Astley [née Champernowne], Katherine (d. 1565), courtier, was the daughter of Sir Philip Champernowne (d. 1545), landowner, of Modbury, Devon, and his wife, Katherine, daughter of Sir Edmund Carew of Mohun's Ottery, Devon, and his wife, Katherine. She was related by marriage to all the leading gentry families of the west country. Nothing is known of her early life, although her distinctive, if old-fashioned, hand, her lifelong association with the reformed religion, and her key role in the education of ...

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Ayscough, Francis (1701–1763), courtier and Church of England clergyman, was born in Surrey on 19 December 1701 and baptized on 25 December in St Olave's, Southwark, the second son of Gabriel Ayscough (bap. 1668) and his wife, Mary. He was educated at ...

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Baring, Rowland Thomas, second earl of Cromer (1877–1953), courtier, was born on 29 November 1877 at Cairo. He was the elder son of Evelyn Baring, later first earl of Cromer (1841–1917), diplomat, and his first wife, Ethel Stanley (d. 1898), second daughter of ...

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Beauclerk [née Lovelace], Martha [Lady Henry Beauclerk] (bap. 1710, d. 1788), courtier, was baptized on 14 January 1710 in St James's, Westminster, the only daughter and the fifth of the five children of John Lovelace, fourth Baron Lovelace (d. 1709) [see under...

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Berkeley, Charles, earl of Falmouth (bap. 1630, d. 1665), courtier, was baptized on 11 January 1630 at Bruton Abbey, Somerset, the second son of Charles Berkeley, second Baron Berkeley of Rathdowne, second Viscount Fitzhardinge of Berehaven (1599–1668), politician, and his wife, Penelope (...

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Berkeley, John, first Baron Berkeley of Stratton (bap. 1607, d. 1678), royalist army officer and courtier, was baptized on 1 February 1607 at Hanworth, Middlesex, the fifth son of Sir Maurice Berkeley (1576/7–1617) of Bruton, Somerset, a well-connected but penurious gentleman who died when ...

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See Henry, privy chamber of

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Biddulph, Sir Thomas Myddleton (1809–1878), courtier and army officer, born on 29 July 1809, was the second son of Robert Biddulph of Ledbury and Charlotte, the daughter and coheir of Richard Myddleton MP, of Chirk Castle, of the old Welsh family of Myddleton...

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Sir Thomas Myddleton Biddulph (1809–1878) by Heinrich von Angeli, 1878 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II