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Boyd, Robert, fifth Lord Boyd (c. 1517–1590), nobleman, was the eldest son of Robert, fourth Lord Boyd (d. 1558), and Helen, daughter of Sir John Somerville of Cambusnethan. In 1535 he married Margaret (d. 1601), daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of ...

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Douglas, Sir George, of Pittendriech (1490?–1552), nobleman, was the second son of George Douglas, master of Angus (c.1469–1513), who was killed at Flodden, and his wife, Elizabeth Drummond. Archibald Douglas, sixth earl of Angus, was his elder brother. George's early years are obscure, but he emerged as a force to be reckoned with in the confusion which followed the killing in 1517 of ...

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Douglas, Margaret, duchess of Douglas (1714–1774), noblewoman, was the eldest daughter of James Douglas (formerly Campbell) of Mains, Dunbartonshire, a member of a cadet branch of the family of the earls of Morton, and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Hugh Corbet of Hardgray...

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See Gordon, Charles, first earl of Aboyne

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Gray, Patrick, sixth Lord Gray (c. 1558–1611), nobleman and courtier, was the eldest son of Patrick Gray, fifth Lord Gray (1538–1608), and Barbara (d. in or after 1594), daughter of William Ruthven, Lord Ruthven; Patrick Gray, fourth Lord Gray (1515x20–1584), was his grandfather. He was educated at ...

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Grey, Henry, tenth earl of Kent (bap. 1594, d. 1651), parliamentarian nobleman, was baptized at Burbage, Leicestershire, on 23 November 1594, the eldest son of Anthony Grey (1557–1643), rector of Aston Flamville, Leicestershire, and of Magdalene Purefoy (1579–1653), daughter of William Purefoy of ...

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Hervart, Esther d' [married name Esther de la Tour du Pin, marquise de Gouvernet in the French nobility; known as Madame de Gouvernet] (c. 1636–1722), noblewoman and refugee, was the only daughter among the three surviving children of Barthélemy d'Hervart (1607–1676) and his wife, ...

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Kennedy, Gilbert, fourth earl of Cassillis [nicknamed the King of Carrick] (c. 1541–1576), nobleman, was the eldest of five children of Gilbert Kennedy, third earl of Cassillis (c. 1517–1558), and his wife, Margaret (c.1520–1596), daughter of Alexander Kennedy of Bargany...

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Livingston, James, of Kinnaird, first earl of Newburgh (1621/2–1670), nobleman, was the only son of Sir John Livingston of Kinnaird, first baronet (d. 1628), groom of the bedchamber to James VI and I, and his wife, Jane (c.1584–1665), daughter of ...

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Lyon, Sir Thomas, of Auldbar, master of Glamis (c. 1546–1608), nobleman and administrator, was the second son of John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis (b. c. 1521, d. in or before 1559), and his wife, Jean, daughter of Robert Keith, master of Marischal; he was perhaps two years younger than his elder brother, ...

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Maxwell, John, fourth Lord Herries of Terregles (c. 1512–1583), nobleman, was born in Dumfriesshire, the second son of Robert Maxwell, fifth Lord Maxwell (c. 1494–1546), and his wife, Janet, daughter of Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig. The Maxwells were one of the most powerful border families, and normally provided the wardens of the Scottish west march. Through ties of kinship and marriage, and also through bonds of manrent, they had created a sphere of influence which included the baronies of ...

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Elizabeth Murray, duchess of Lauderdale and suo jure countess of Dysart (bap. 1626, d. 1698) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1648 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Murray [married names Tollemache, Maitland], Elizabeth, duchess of Lauderdale and suo jure countess of Dysart (bap. 1626, d. 1698), noblewoman, baptized on 28 September 1626 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, was the eldest of the five daughters of William Murray, first earl of Dysart...

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North, Roger, second Baron North (1531–1600), nobleman and administrator, was born on 27 February 1531 in the parish of St Thomas the Apostle in London, the first child in the family of two sons and two daughters of Edward North, first Baron North...

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Oliphant, Laurence, fourth Lord Oliphant (1529–1593), nobleman, was the eldest son of Laurence Oliphant, third Lord Oliphant (d. 1566), and Margaret, daughter of Sir James Sandilands of Calder. He succeeded his father on 2 May 1566 having in March 1551 married Margaret (...

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Sheffield, Edmund, second earl of Mulgrave (1611–1658), parliamentarian nobleman, was born about December 1611, the grandson of Edmund Sheffield, first earl of Mulgrave (1565–1646). His father, Sir John Sheffield, who drowned in the Humber in 1614, had married Grizel, daughter of Sir Edmund Anderson...

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Stewart, John [known as Lord John Stewart], Lord Darnley (c. 1531–1563), nobleman, was the illegitimate son of King James V (1512–1542) and Elizabeth (or Katherine), daughter of Sir John Carmichael. James had seven natural sons from a number of liaisons, and most of them were destined for the church from an early age; ...

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Stuart [married name Seymour], Lady Arabella [Arbella] (1575–1615), noblewoman and royal kinswoman, was the daughter of Charles Stuart, earl of Lennox (1555/6–1576), and his wife, Elizabeth (1554?–1582), daughter of Sir William Cavendish and his third wife, Elizabeth, née Hardwick (from 1567 or 1568, by her fourth marriage, ...

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Lady Arabella Stuart (1575–1615) by John Whittakers senior, 1619 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stuart, Esmé, third duke of Lennox (1579?–1624), nobleman, was the second son of Esmé Stuart (c. 1542–1583), seigneur d'Aubigny and first duke of Lennox, and Catherine de Balsac d'Entragues (d. c.1631). The family was a junior branch of the Scottish royal dynasty that had established itself in ...