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Campbell family of Cawdor (per. 1511–1821), highland chiefs, landowners, and politicians, provide a rare example of a Campbell family based some distance from Argyll which until the end of the seventeenth century, following the pattern of the clan, remained closely associated with its chief and his affairs. The family was founded by the marriage in 1511 of ...

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Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

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Campbell, Archibald, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), nobleman and politician, was born between August 1605 and April 1607, the son of Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), and his first wife, Lady Anne Douglas (1574–1607), daughter of William Douglas, sixth earl of Morton...

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Campbell, Archibald, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685), politician and clan leader, was born on 26 February 1629 at Newbattle Abbey, Edinburghshire, the son of Archibald Campbell, Lord Lorne and later eighth earl and marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), and his wife, Lady Margaret (1610–1678)...

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Campbell, Archibald, first duke of Argyll (d. 1703), nobleman and politician, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685), and his first wife, Lady Mary Stuart (d. 1668), eldest daughter of James Stuart, fourth earl of Moray; his parents married in 1650. He was styled ...

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Archibald Campbell, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685) by unknown artist, 1660s [with his first wife, Lady Mary Stuart] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/66–1638) by unknown artist in a private Scottish collection

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Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll (1605x77–1661) by David Scougall Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Campbell, John [called Iain Glas], first earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1634–1717), magnate and politician, was born on 29 May 1634 at Stronmillochan, Glenorchy, Argyll, the eldest son of Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy, fourth baronet (d. 1686), and his first wife, ...

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John Campbell, first earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1634–1717) by Sir John Baptiste de Medina Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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William Douglas, seventh earl of Morton (1582–1648) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Douglas, William, seventh earl of Morton (1582–1648), politician and nobleman, was the son of Robert Douglas of Lochleven (d. 1585) and Jean Lyon (d. 1608×10), daughter of John Lyon, eighth Lord Glamis (c. 1544–1578). Following his father's death in March 1585 his mother married ...

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Elphinstone, John, second Lord Balmerino (d. 1649), nobleman and politician, was the son of James Elphinstone, first Lord Balmerino (1557–1612), and his first wife, Sarah (d. 1592×7), daughter of Sir John Menteith of Carse, whom he married on 21 March 1588. Nothing is known of his early life or education. In 1609, following the revelation of compromising correspondence with ...

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See Gordon, Charles, first earl of Aboyne

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Gordon, George, first marquess of Huntly (1561/2–1636), magnate and politician, was the son of George Gordon, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), and his wife, Lady Anne Hamilton (d. after 1574), daughter of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran and duke of Châtelherault...

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John Leslie, duke of Rothes (c. 1630–1681) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1662–5 private collection; © reserved in the photograph

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Leslie, John, duke of Rothes (c. 1630–1681), politician and nobleman, was the only son of John Leslie, sixth earl of Rothes (c. 1600–1641), and his wife, Lady Anne Erskine (d. 1640), daughter of John Erskine, earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634). Following his father's death on 23 August 1641 he succeeded to the earldom at the age of about eleven. He was placed into the care of his tutors, ...

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See Lindsay family

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Mackinnon, William Alexander, of Mackinnon (1784–1870), politician and chief of clan Mackinnon, born on 2 August 1784 in Dauphiné, France, was the eldest son of William Mackinnon and his wife, Harriet, daughter of Francis Frye of Antigua. Daniel Mackinnon (1791–1836) was his younger brother. He matriculated at ...

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Norman MacLeod of Dunvegan (1705–1772) by Allan Ramsay, 1747–8 in the collection of MacLeod of MacLeod, Dunvegan Castle; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery