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Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690), religious writer and colonial governor, was born at Gordonstown, Moray, on 23 December 1648, the eldest of the five children of David Barclay of Ury (1610–1686), soldier and politician, and Katherine Gordon (1620–1663), daughter of Sir Robert Gordon...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Barclay, Robert (1833–1876), Quaker and ecclesiastical historian, was born on 4 August 1833 at Croydon. He was the younger son of John Barclay (1797–1838), a descendant of the Quaker apologist Robert Barclay, and himself an expert on the early literature of the Society of Friends...

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Besse, Joseph (1683–1757), historian of Quakerism, was born at Billericay, Essex, the son of Joseph Besse. In 1716 he married Hannah Dehorne (d. in or before 1757), daughter of George Dehorne of Colchester; they had six children. Besse worked as a schoolmaster in ...

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Bevan, Joseph Gurney (1753–1814), religious writer, was born on 18 February 1753 in London, the only child of Timothy Bevan (1704–1786), pharmacist, and his second wife, Hannah Springhall (1714–1784), daughter of Joseph and Hannah Gurney. Raised as a member of the Society of Friends...

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Bishop, George (d. 1668), government official and religious writer, was born in Bristol, probably the son of Thomas Bishop, brewer, who became a freeman of the city in 1612. A local and London administrator as well as a New Model Army captain during the civil wars, ...

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Braithwaite, John (bap. 1633, d. c. 1680), Quaker apologist and missionary, was born at Cartmel, Lancashire, and baptized there on 24 March 1633; he was the son of James Braithwaite of Newton, in that parish.

Braithwaite became a Quaker in 1652 after meeting ...

Article

C. W. Sutton

revised by Clare Cotugno

Crewdson [née Fox], Jane (1808–1863), poet and hymn writer, was born at Perran-ar-worthal, Cornwall, on 22 October 1808, the second of three daughters of George Fox, manager of a local iron foundry; his cousin was the scientific writer Charles Fox (1797–1878). In 1825 the family moved to ...

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Crowley, Thomas [pseud. Amor Patriae] (c. 1713–1787), religious controversialist and political writer, of whose date and place of birth details are unknown, appears to have been connected to those Crowleys who pioneered the iron industry of the west midlands. In any event he turned up in ...

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Dell, Jonas (d. 1665?), soldier and religious writer, may have fought in the parliamentarian army in the civil war. Nothing is known about his origins or early life, but in 1658 he attacked a corrupt establishment thus: 'I did not think at Marston Moor...

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Docwra [née Waldegrave], Anne (c. 1624–1710), religious writer, was the eldest daughter of Sir William Waldegrave of Bures, Suffolk, of a leading gentry family and a justice under Charles I. When she was about fifteen her father stimulated what became her considerable study of the law by directing her to read the statutes of the realm, since women 'must live under [the laws] as well as men' (...

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Ellwood, Thomas (1639–1713), religious controversialist, was born at Crowell, Oxfordshire, in October 1639, and baptized there on the 15th of the month, the son of Walter Ellwood (d. c.1684), a JP and local magistrate, and Elizabeth Potman (d. c.1658)...

Article

Forster, Mary (c. 1619–1686), religious writer, is of unknown birth and parentage, but her date of birth can be inferred from her approximate age at death. She married Thomas Forster (d. 1660), a lawyer, and they had eight children.

A Quaker for more than two decades, ...

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Fox, George, the younger (d. 1661), religious writer, was born in Charsfield, Suffolk. He served in the parliamentary army, but there is no firm evidence to support the claim that he was a Leveller despite his seeming awareness of their views. As a result of ...

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Furly, Benjamin (1636–1714), merchant and religious writer, was born on 13 April 1636 at Colchester, Essex, the fifth son of a linen draper, John Furly (c.1590–1673), later alderman and mayor of Colchester, and his wife, Ann. He was admitted to Colchester School...

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Gargill, Anne (b. c. 1625, d. in or after 1659), Quaker and writer, was born in Swine in the East Riding of Yorkshire. It is not known when she became a Quaker; however, in 1659 Katharine Evans, who knew her, told the inquisition in ...

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Gough, John (1720–1791), religious writer and schoolmaster, was born on 30 December 1720 at Kendal in Westmorland, youngest of the four children of John Gough (1686–1737), a Quaker and tobacconist, and his wife, Mary Mansergh (d. 1747). On his father's side he was descended from the regicide ...

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Joseph John Gurney (1788–1847) by Charles Edward Wagstaff (after George Richmond, 1836) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gurney, Joseph John (1788–1847), banker and religious writer, was born on 2 August 1788 at Earlham Hall, Norwich, the eleventh of the twelve children of John Gurney (1749–1809) and Catherine Gurney, née Bell (1754–1792). The Gurneys, Quakers from the mid-seventeenth century, had developed a substantial wool-stapling business and were known for their social concern, evinced, for instance, in ...

Article

Harris, James Rendel (1852–1941), biblical scholar and palaeographer, was born in Plymouth on 27 January 1852, the second son of Henry Marmaduke Harris, a house decorator, and his wife, Elizabeth Carter, née Budd. Educated at Plymouth grammar school, he entered Clare College, Cambridge...

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Edmund Hickeringill (bap. 1631, d. 1708) by Joseph Nutting, pubd 1707 (after James Jull) © Copyright The British Museum