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Sir John Stanhope Arkwright (1872–1954) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arkwright, Sir John Stanhope (1872–1954), politician and hymn writer, was born at 11 Lowndes Street, London, on 10 July 1872, the only son (there were three daughters) of John Hungerford Arkwright (1833–1905), landowner and lord lieutenant of Herefordshire, of Hampton Court, Leominster, Herefordshire...

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Barrington, John Shute, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), politician and Christian apologist, born in Theobalds, Hertfordshire, was the third son of Benjamin Shute, a London merchant 'descended from Robert Shute of Hockington in the county of Cambridge, one of the twelve judges in the reign of ...

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Burgh, William (1741/2–1808), politician and theological writer, was born in Ireland, the eldest son of Thomas Burgh, MP and landowner, of Bert, co. Kildare, and Anne, daughter of Dive Downes, bishop of Cork and Ross. His grandfather was Ulysses Burgh, bishop of Ardagh...

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Gordon, James Edward (1789–1864), politician and protestant propagandist, was born in Scotland (either in Abernethy, near Perth, or in Aberdeen) on 11 March 1789, one of the numerous children of James (Brae) Gordon of Little Folla, factor to the duke of Gordon...

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Knatchbull, Sir Norton, first baronet (1602–1685), politician and biblical scholar, was born on 26 December 1602, the eldest surviving son of Thomas Knatchbull (1572–1623) of Maidstone and his wife, Eleanor (1574–1638), daughter of John Astley, master of the revels. He was educated at ...

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Massie, John (1842–1925), biblical scholar and politician, was born on 3 December 1842 at Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, the son of Robert Massie, a Congregational minister, and his wife, May Soutter. In 1848 the father moved to Atherstone, Warwickshire. Massie was educated at Atherstone grammar school...

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Montagu, Lord Robert (1825–1902), politician and religious controversialist, born at Melchbourne, Bedfordshire, on 24 January 1825, was the second son of George Montagu, sixth duke of Manchester (1799–1855), and his first wife, Millicent (1798–1848), daughter and heir of Brigadier-General Bernard Sparrow of Brampton Park, Huntingdonshire...

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More, Richard (c. 1575–1643), religious writer and politician, was the son of Robert More (d. 1604) and his wife, Susan, a member of the Davenport family of Weston in Arden, Warwickshire. In 1583 his father acquired the manor of Linley in the parish of ...

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Rous, Francis (1580/81–1659), religious writer and politician, was born at Dittisham, Devon, the fourth son of Sir Anthony Rous of Halton, Cornwall (knighted in 1603), and his first wife, Elizabeth (née Southgate). On 6 July 1593, aged twelve, he matriculated with two of his elder brothers as a commoner of ...

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Throckmorton, Job (1545–1601), politician and religious pamphleteer, was the eldest of the seven sons (and brother of seven daughters) of Clement Throckmorton (c.1515–1573) of Haseley, Warwickshire, third son of Sir George Throckmorton of Coughton, Warwickshire, and of his wife, Katherine Neville...