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Becket, Thomas [St Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London] (1120?–1170), archbishop of Canterbury, was a London merchant's son who rose to be royal chancellor then archbishop, only to be murdered in his cathedral church. His posthumous reputation as a saint and martyr, with enduring thaumaturgical powers, was considerable throughout western Christendom, and in ...

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Thomas Becket (1120?–1170) manuscript illumination The British Library

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Cantilupe, Thomas de [St Thomas of Hereford] (c. 1220–1282), bishop of Hereford, was born at his father's manor of Hambleden, Buckinghamshire.

Thomas's grandfather William (I) de Cantilupe and father, William (II) de Cantilupe (d. 1251), had served as stewards of the households of ...

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Philip Howard [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595) by unknown artist reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Norfolk. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

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More, Sir Thomas [St Thomas More] (1478–1535), lord chancellor, humanist, and martyr, was born, most scholars agree, between two and three in the morning of 6 February 1478 (alternative dates are 7 February, 1477 or 1478) in Milk Street, Cheapside, London, the eldest of three sons and second of seven children of ...

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Sir Thomas More (1478–1535) by Hans Holbein the younger, 1527 © The Frick Collection, New York

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Osmund [St Osmund] (d. 1099), bishop of Salisbury, canonized in 1457, was the founder of a community of canons at the newly established see of Salisbury, and, after his death, came to be regarded as the founder also of the widely influential Salisbury...

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W. E. Rhodes

revised by Hugh M. Thomas

Percy, Richard de (b. before 1181, d. 1244), baron, was the second son of Agnes (d. c.1202), heir of the original Percy family, and Joscelin de Louvain (d. 1180), a younger son of Godefroi, duke of Lower Lorraine, and brother of ...

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Wilberforce, William (1759–1833), politician, philanthropist, and slavery abolitionist, was born on 24 August 1759 at the Wilberforce house in High Street, Hull, the third child and only son of Robert Wilberforce (1728–1768), merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1798), daughter of Thomas Bird...

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William Wilberforce (1759–1833) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1828 [unfinished] © National Portrait Gallery, London