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Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, was the fourth and youngest son of Æthelstan, known as the Half-King (932–956), and his wife, Ælfwyn (d. 986). He was a few years older than the atheling ...

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Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey, was the son of Richard Goz, vicomte d'Avranches and seigneur de St Sever, and an unknown mother formerly identified on the basis of unsatisfactory evidence as Emma, supposedly a half-sister of ...

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Barnardiston, Sir Nathaniel (1588–1653), politician and ecclesiastical patron, was born at Kedington, Suffolk, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Barnardiston (d. 1610), and his first wife, Mary (d. in or before 1599), daughter of Sir Richard Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire. One of the oldest families in ...

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Chichester, Sophia Catherine (1795–1847), patron of religious and political unorthodoxy, was born in London on 7 August 1795, the fifth of eight children. Her father, Sir Francis Ford (1758–1801), held estates in Barbados, and in 1793 had been created baronet on his election to ...

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J. H. Round

revised by C. Warren Hollister

Clare, Walter de (d. 1137/8?), baron and founder of Tintern Abbey, was known to contemporaries as Walter fitz Richard. He was a non-inheriting younger son of Richard de Clare (1030x35–1087x90), lord of Orbec and Bienfaite in Normandy and Domesday lord of Clare and ...

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Sir Richard Knightley (1533–1615) by unknown artist, 1567 The Trustees of the Firle Settlement. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Knightley, Sir Richard (1533–1615), politician and patron of puritans, was the eldest son of Sir Valentine Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Edward Ferrers of Warwickshire. The family fortunes were based on sheep farming, for which the lands on their estates were enclosed, and on the death of his father in 1566 ...

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Lewkenor, Sir Edward (1542–1605), politician and patron of puritans, was born in Hertfordshire, the eldest son of the ten children of Edward Lewkenor (1517–1556), groom-porter in the household of Edward VI and Mary I, and his wife, Dorothy (c.1525–1589), daughter of ...

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Philipps, Sir John, fourth baronet (c. 1666–1737), politician and evangelical patron, was born about 1666 (the evidence of his funerary monument as to his date of birth being demonstrably unreliable). He was the second but first surviving son of Sir Erasmus Philipps, third baronet...

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Speke [née Pye], Mary (fl. 1641–1697), nonconformist patron and political activist, was the eldest daughter of Sir Robert Pye (bap. 1585, d. 1662) of Faringdon, Berkshire, and his wife, Mary Croker. She may be the Mary Pye who was baptized at Richmond, Surrey...