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Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, was the fourth and youngest son of Æthelstan, known as the Half-King (932–956), and his wife, Ælfwyn (d. 986). He was a few years older than the atheling ...

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Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey, was the son of Richard Goz, vicomte d'Avranches and seigneur de St Sever, and an unknown mother formerly identified on the basis of unsatisfactory evidence as Emma, supposedly a half-sister of ...

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Barnardiston [née Banks], Katherine, Lady Barnardiston (d. 1633), patron of puritanism, was born in the parish of St Michael-le-Querne, Paternoster Row, in the city of London, one of seven children of Thomas Banks (c.1538–c.1598), barber–surgeon, and his wife, ...

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Barnardiston, Sir Nathaniel (1588–1653), politician and ecclesiastical patron, was born at Kedington, Suffolk, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Barnardiston (d. 1610), and his first wife, Mary (d. in or before 1599), daughter of Sir Richard Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire. One of the oldest families in ...

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Barrington [née Williams or Cromwell], Joan, Lady Barrington (c. 1558–1641), godly matriarch and patron of clergy, was one of the eleven children of Sir Henry Williams (later Cromwell; c.1537–1604) of Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdonshire, and his wife, Joan (d. 1584), daughter of ...

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Bertie [née Willoughby; other married name Brandon], Katherine, duchess of Suffolk (1519–1580), noblewoman and protestant patron, was the daughter of William Willoughby, eleventh Baron Willoughby de Eresby, a baron whose holdings ran to some thirty manors in Lincolnshire (and almost as many in ...

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Bohun, Margaret de [née Margaret of Gloucester] (c. 1121–1196/7), heiress and monastic patron, was the daughter of Miles of Gloucester, earl of Hereford (d. 1143), and Sybil (d. after 1143), daughter and sole heir of Bernard de Neufmarché (d. c. 1125)...

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Browne [née Dacre], Magdalen, Viscountess Montagu (1538–1608), patron of Roman Catholics, was the daughter of William Dacre, third Baron Dacre of Gilsland (1500–1563), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. c.1559), fifth daughter of George Talbot, fourth earl of Shrewsbury. Her parents and her husband came from families with strong Catholic traditions and ...

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Canynges, William (1402–1474), merchant and ecclesiastical benefactor, was one of the younger of seven children of John Canynges, clothier and merchant of Bristol, and his wife, Joan Wotton. He was born into a notably successful Bristol family. William Canynges (d. 1396) was a wealthy clothier who was five times mayor of ...

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Chichester, Sophia Catherine (1795–1847), patron of religious and political unorthodoxy, was born in London on 7 August 1795, the fifth of eight children. Her father, Sir Francis Ford (1758–1801), held estates in Barbados, and in 1793 had been created baronet on his election to ...

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J. H. Round

revised by C. Warren Hollister

Clare, Walter de (d. 1137/8?), baron and founder of Tintern Abbey, was known to contemporaries as Walter fitz Richard. He was a non-inheriting younger son of Richard de Clare (1030x35–1087x90), lord of Orbec and Bienfaite in Normandy and Domesday lord of Clare and ...

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Darcy [née Wray; other married names Foljambe, Bowes], Isabel, Lady Darcy (d. 1622), patron of clergymen, was the eldest daughter of Sir Christopher Wray (c. 1522–1592), lawyer, and his wife, Anne Brocklesby, née Girlington (d. 1593). Despite, or perhaps because of, the fact that ...

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Gell [née Packer], Katherine (bap. 1624, d. 1671), religious patron, was baptized at Westminster Abbey on 11 March 1624, the third daughter, in a family of five sons and three daughters, of John Packer (1572–1649), administrator and politician, and his wife, Philippa Mills (...

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Elizabeth Gordon, duchess of Gordon (1794–1864) by unknown artist in the collection of the National Trust for Scotland

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Gordon [née Brodie], Elizabeth, duchess of Gordon (1794–1864), evangelical patron, was born in London on 20 June 1794. Her father, Alexander Brodie (1748–1818) of Arnhall, Kincardineshire, a wealthy India merchant and MP, was a younger son of James Brodie of Brodie, in the north of ...

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Gordon [née Campbell], Jane [Jean], Viscountess Kenmure (d. 1675), patron of ministers, was the third daughter of Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), and his first wife, Lady Agnes Douglas (1574–1607), daughter of William Douglas, first earl of Morton (Lochleven). Between 1624 and 1626 she married ...

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Haldane, Robert (1764–1842), theological writer and evangelical patron, was born on 28 February 1764 in Queen Anne Street, Cavendish Square, London, elder son of Captain James Haldane (1728–1768), heir to Airthrey estate, Stirlingshire, and Katherine Duncan (d. 1774) of Lundie near Dundee...

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Heylyn, Rowland (1562–1632), ironmonger and church benefactor, was born in Shrewsbury, the son of David Heylyn, who was of Welsh ancestry, and his wife, Alice. After attending the free school there from 1571 he went to London, where in 1576 he became an apprentice ironmonger. He was admitted to the company in 1584 and subsequently served twice as its master, in 1614 and 1625. Elected an alderman from ...

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Hobart [née Egerton], Lady Frances (1603–1664), religious patron and benefactor, was born in London, the eldest child of Sir John Egerton (1579–1649), from 1617 first earl of Bridgewater, and Lady Frances Egerton, née Stanley (1583–1636). Put under the charge of a Huguenot governess before she could talk, she acquired a lifelong fluency in French, and Reformed views on church discipline and doctrine. The latter were reinforced by her beloved father, who admonished her against Arminianism. She received religious instruction from the family chaplain, besides learning reading, writing, and accounting, sewing, and household management. She also learned to sing, play the lute, and dance, to fit her for court. There she was high in favour with ...

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Holland [married name Beaufort], Margaret, duchess of Clarence (b. in or before 1388, d. 1439), wealthy widow and monastic patron, was born before 17 April 1388 (CIPM, 22), the daughter of Thomas Holland, fifth earl of Kent (1350–1397), and Alice Fitzalan (...