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Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall, Cambridge. From 17 August 1536 he was tutored in classics, mathematics, and geometry at Cambridge...

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Bell, Thomas (1785–1860), land surveyor and book collector, was born on 16 December 1785 in Newcastle upon Tyne, the second son of John Bell (1755–1816), a land surveyor and bookseller, and his wife, Margaret, the daughter of John Gray, of Combfield House, co. Durham...

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Boase, Thomas Sherrer Ross (1898–1974), art historian and university teacher, was born in Dundee on 31 August 1898, the only son and elder child of Charles Millet Boase, the manager and part owner of a bleaching mill at Claverhouse outside Dundee, and his wife, ...

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Bonomi, Joseph (1796–1878), sculptor and Egyptologist, and his twin sister, Mary Anne Bonomi (1796–1872), were born at 76 Great Titchfield Street, London, on 9 October 1796, the eighth and ninth but fourth and fifth surviving children of Joseph (Giuseppe) Bonomi (1739–1808), architect, and ...

Article

Briggs, Henry Perronet (1791–1844), antiquary and subject painter, was born at Walworth, London, the son of John Hobart Briggs (bap. 1760), who held a lucrative position in the Post Office, and his wife, Mary, née Oldham. He was named after his great-grandfather the Methodist minister ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by J. A. Marchand

Browne, Thomas (1702–1780), herald and land surveyor, was born in Derby, the second son of John Browne of Ashbourne, Derbyshire. He was first employed as surveyor to John Warburton, Somerset herald, and then to the dukes of Beaufort. He entered the College of Arms...

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Samuel Buck (1696–1779) by Richard Houston, pubd 1774 (after Joseph Highmore) [Buck brothers [left to right]: and Nathaniel Buck (1724-1759)] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Buck, Samuel (1696–1779), topographical draughtsman, engraver, and print publisher, is usually said to have been born in Richmond, Yorkshire, though firm evidence of his birth place is lacking. Hauxwell, 4½ miles south of Richmond, has also been suggested. His father was living near ...

Article

Burrough, Sir James (1691–1764), architect and college head, was born on 1 September 1691, the son of Dr James Burrough, a physician at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, and his wife, Amy. He was educated from 1700 at Bury grammar school, and in March 1708 entered ...

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James Byres of Tonley (1734–1817) by John Bogle, pubd 1782 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Byres, James, of Tonley (1734–1817), antiquary and architect, was born on 7 May 1734 at Tonley, his family's estate in the parish of Tough, Aberdeenshire; he was the first of the seven children of Patrick Byres (b. 1713), laird of Tonley, and of his wife, ...

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Elizabeth Christiana Cavendish, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1787 Chatsworth House. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Cavendish [née Hervey; other married name Foster], Elizabeth Christiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824), society hostess and patron of the arts, was the middle daughter of Frederick Augustus Hervey, fourth earl of Bristol (1730–1803), and his wife, Elizabeth Davers (1730–1800), and was known for most her life as ...

Article

Chatelain [Chatelaine], John-Baptist Claude (1710–1757), printmaker and topographical draughtsman, was probably born in London in 1710, the son of French Huguenot parents by the name of Phillippe—he is thought to have assumed the surname Chatelain later in life. Nothing is known of his parents, early life, or training, and uncertainties persist about the date and location of his birth. Early biographies suggest that he was born in ...

Article

H. R. Tedder

revised by Francis Russell

Christie, James (1773–1831), antiquary and auctioneer, eldest son of James Christie (1730–1803), was born in Pall Mall in 1773. He was educated at Eton College and was intended for the church, but joined the family firm and directed it after his father's death in 1803. In addition to an active life as an auctioneer, ...

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Kenneth Mackenzie Clark, Baron Clark (1903–1983) by Graham Sutherland, 1963–4 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Clark, Kenneth Mackenzie, Baron Clark (1903–1983), art patron and historian, was born at 32 Grosvenor Square, London, on 13 July 1903, the only child of Kenneth Mackenzie Clark and his wife, (Margaret) Alice, daughter of James McArthur of Manchester and formerly of Paisley...

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Cobb, Gerald (1900–1986), antiquary and architectural historian, was born on 8 June 1900 at Ivy Lodge, Hamilton Road, Reading, one of four sons of Joseph William Cobb, a banker's clerk, and his wife, Florence Kate Arnold.

Cobb studied art in Reading at the ...

Article

Collingwood, William Gershom (1854–1932), author, artist, and antiquary, was born on 6 August 1854 at 87 Chatham Street, Liverpool, the eldest son of the artist William Collingwood (1819–1903), of the Royal Watercolour Society, and his wife, Marie Imhoff (d. 1873) of Arbon, Switzerland...

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Maria Louisa Catherine Cecilia Cosway, Baroness Cosway in the nobility of the Austrian empire (1760–1838) by Valentine Green, pubd 1787 (after self-portrait) © National Portrait Gallery, London