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Adler, Jakub [Jankel] (1895–1949), painter, was born on 26 July 1895 in Tuszyn, near Łódź, Poland, the eighth of the twelve children of Eliasz Adler, a timber and coal dealer, and his wife, Hana Laja, née Fiter. Adler grew up in Łódź in the world of Hasidic Jewry, which had a lasting influence on his subject matter. After training as a goldsmith in ...

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Barnett, Henry Walter (1862–1934), photographer, was born in St Kilda, Melbourne, Australia, on 25 January 1862, his parents having moved there from London in the late 1840s. Both parents were London-born Jews: his father, Louis Barnett, a merchant, was born in 1822, his mother, ...

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Bendhem, Thomas [Tom] (1928–2002), businessman and art patron, was born on 13 September 1928 in Berlin, the third child and second son of Heinrich (later Henry) Bendhem (1892–1965), owner of coal and wine businesses, and his wife, Elise Charlotte, née Frank (1898–1987). At the age of five, ...

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Bennett, (Bernard) Boris (1900–1985), portrait photographer, was born Symche Binem Sochaczewski in Ozokoff, Russian Poland, on 17 December 1900, one of eight children of Moishe Sochaczewski, owner of a small textile factory, and his wife, Perle. His father was an ardent Zionist, which he was also to become....

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David Garshen Bomberg (1890–1957) self-portrait, 1931 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bomberg, David Garshen (1890–1957), painter, was born at 18 Florence Street, Birmingham, on 5 December 1890, the fifth of the eleven children of Abraham Bomberg (1867/8–1938), a Polish immigrant leather-worker, and his wife, Rebecca, née Klan (1863/4–1912), whose family kept an inn and reared horses. In 1895 the family moved to ...

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Brandon, John Raphael Rodrigues (1817–1877), architect and writer, was born in London on 5 April 1817, the second of six children of Joshua de Isaac Moses Rodrigues Brandon and his wife, Sarah. He was a pupil of J. Dédeau in Alençon, France, and in 1836 was articled to the architect ...

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See Brandon, John Raphael Rodrigues

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Brodzky, Horace Asher (1885–1969), artist and writer, was born on 30 January 1885 in Pakington Street, Kew, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia, the second of the seven children of Maurice Brodzky (1847–1919), journalist and publisher, and Florence Leon (1860–1958), daughter of Szymanski Leon...

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Browse, Lillian Gertrude (1906–2005), art dealer and art historian, was born at 2 Carlton Mansions, West End Lane, Hampstead, London, on 21 April 1906, the younger child of Michael Browse, entrepreneur, champion cyclist, and son of a Jewish White Russian émigré who had settled in ...

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Lillian Gertrude Browse (1906–2005) by Ida Kar, late 1950s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Calman, Melville [Mel] (1931–1994), cartoonist and illustrator, was born on 19 May 1931 at 64 Linthorpe Road, Stamford Hill, London, the youngest of the three children of Clement Calman, timber merchant, and his wife, Anna. His parents were Russian-Jewish immigrants, his father from ...

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Melville Calman (1931–1994) by Stephen Hyde, 1986 © Stephen Hyde; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sir Anthony Alfred Caro (1924–2013) by Eamonn McCabe, 2004 © Eamonn McCabe

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Caro, Sir Anthony Alfred [Tony] (1924–2013), sculptor, was born on 8 March 1924 at Voewood, Motspur Park, Old Malden, Surrey, the youngest of three children of Alfred Haldinstein Caro (1884–1950), a successful City of London stockbroker, and his wife, Mary Rose Edith, née...

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Collins, Hyman Henry (1832/3–1905), architect, was born in London, the only son of Henry Hirsch Collins. An only sister apparently died when he was ten. His paternal grandparents were Hyman Collins of Cockspur Street, a founder of the Western Synagogue, at St Alban's Place...

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Costa [née Mendes], Catherine [Rachel] da (1679–1756), miniature painter, was born in London in 1679, the eldest daughter of Dr Fernando (Moses) Mendes (1647–1724) and his wife, Isabel (Rachel) Henriques (d. 1691), daughter of Diego Rodrigues Marques. Mendes's parents were born in ...

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See Cunliffe, Marcus Falkner

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Davies [née Morpurgo], Anna Elbina Laura Margherita [known as Anna Morpurgo Davies] (1937–2014), linguist and philologist, was born on 21 June 1937 in Milan, the fourth child and only daughter of Augusto Morpurgo (d. 1939), engineer, and his wife ...

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Davis, Sir Edmund Gabriel (1861–1939), mining financier and art collector, was born on 3 August 1861 at Tintern, Gardiner's Creek Road, Toorak, Melbourne, Australia, the second of the four children of Samuel Davis, merchant, and his wife, Josephine, daughter of Jacob Bensusan. He had two brothers and one sister. At the age of eight ...